Page 199 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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WIENER /JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
1 9 1
1954, 1980) and on American life (
The Biblical Heritage of American
Democracy,
1977). After WW II he undertook several research trips
to Eastern Europe and obtained microfilms of the Hebrew manu­
script collections there, publishing several catalogs and also some
texts.
R a c h e l K a t z n e l s o n - S h a z a r .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in
Bobruisk, Russia, October 20, 1888, died in Jerusalem in 1975. An
active Labor Zionist, she went to Palestine in 1912 and worked in the
kibbutzim and helped organize the women’s Labor Zionist move­
ment. In addition to articles contributed to magazines, a work in
English translation,
The Plough Woman; Records of the Pioneer Women
of Palestine
(1932, 1976), told the story o f women’s part in the
upbuilding o f the ancient homeland. She was married to Zalman
Shazar, the third president o f Israel.
A b b a K o v n e r .
70th birthday. Born in Sevastopol, Russia, March 14,
1918. Growing up in Vilna, he had a modern Jewish education and
was active in the Hashomer Hatzair. During the Holocaust period,
he organized a revolt in the ghetto and later was active with the parti­
sans. After the War he organized illegal immigration from Eastern
Europe to Palestine, arriving himself in time to participate in Israel’s
War of Independence. His poetry is naturally influenced by his life’s
experience.
A
mission to Brazil yielded some poems reflecting the
religious situation of the Diaspora Jew. In English translation there
are to be found
A Canopy in the Desert
(1973) and
My Little Sister, and
Other Poems
(1986).
M o s e s L a n d a u .
200th anniversary of birth. Born in Prague, Austria-
Hungary, now Czechoslovakia, December 28, 1788, died there in
1852. A grandson of Prague’s famous chief rabbi Ezekiel Landau,
he maintained tradition, yet was open to modern thought. He estab­
lished a Hebrew printing press and himself wrote lexicographical
works and edited a German translation o f the Bible and the Mahzor.
He was president of the Jewish community in his hometown and
served in the city council.
H a l p e r L e i v i c k .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Igumen, Russia,
December 25, 1888, died in New York in 1962. A sensitive and
rebellious soul, who was imprisoned and eventually exiled to Siberia
for his convictions. Like so many o f his fellow exiles he escaped,
emigrating to the United States in 1913. He now had to work in the
garment district, which provided additional material for his Yiddish
poetry. The tragedy o f life and the drive towards redemption are
among his principal themes. He is also highly regarded as a Yiddish
playwright, one of whose plays,
The Golem,
has been translated into
English and has been included in several anthologies.