Page 200 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
L e v L e v a n d a .
100th anniversary o f death. Born in Minsk, Russia, in
1835, died in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad), March 18, 1888.
Originally a strong advocate o f Haskalah, who wrote most o f his
works in Russian, he eventually came close to the Hibbat Zion move­
ment after the pogroms o f the 1880’s. His novels, some o f which
were translated into Hebrew and Yiddish, show a deep insight into
the life of the Russian Jew.
A b r a h a m L i e s s i n .
50th anniversary of death. Born in Minsk, Russia, in
1872, died in New York, November 6, 1938. In the United States
since 1897, he was a prominent Yiddish poet and active in Yiddish
journalism, editing for many years the
Zukunft.
Although a Socialist,
he did not wantJewish tradition to be neglected, realizing that works
in the Yiddish language also had to have Jewish content. He chose
many Jewish heroes past and present as themes for his poetry. His
autobiography is considered significant in giving an insight into the
Jewish literary world of his time.
I s a a c B a e r L e v i n s o h n .
200th anniversary o f birth. Born in Kremenets,
Russia, January 10, 1788, died there in 1860. One of the important
figures o f the Russian Haskalah, the Enlightenment movement
among the Jews o f Eastern Europe which stressed the development
of the Hebrew language as a vehicle for secular discourse, he also
wanted to reform Jewish life by promoting secular studies among
his fellow Jews. Throughout his life he had to fight the traditional­
ists who would have destroyed him had he not had the backing of
the Russian government, which wanted reforms inJewish education
and a change in the occupational structure of the Jews. He also pro­
posed changes in the organization o f the Russian Jewish commu­
nity. Because o f their controversial nature many o f his works were
not published until after his death.
J u l i u s L e w y .
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Berlin in 1895, died in
Cincinnati, Ohio, June 19, 1963. An Assyriologist, who published
cuneiform texts from Asia Minor, he was professor o f Assyriology at
the University o f Giessen in Germany until the Nazi period, when he
was appointed to the faculty o f the Hebrew Union College in
Cincinnati. Some o f his studies also dealt with biblical history, such
as a chronology of the kings of Israel and Judah, which he had pub­
lished in German in 1927.
L i b r a r y o f C o n g r e s s , H e b r a i c S e c t i o n .
75th
a n n i v e r s a r y o f e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t . F o u n d e d in J u l y
1913
w i th t h e a p p o i n tm e n t o f I s r a e l S c h a -
p i r o a s c h i e f o f t h e S em i t i c s D i v i s io n , w h i c h i n c l u d e d b o t h H e b r e w
a n d A r a b ic m a t e r i a l s , it h a d b e e n g i v e n it s im p e t u s b y t h e p r e s e n t a ­
t io n o f a c o l l e c t i o n o f
10,000
H e b r e w b o o k s b y t h e J e w i s h p h i l a n ­
t h r o p i s t J a c o b H . S c h i f f . S in c e t h a t t im e i t h a s g r o w n i n t o o n e o f t h e
m a j o r J e w i s h b o o k c o l l e c t i o n s in t h e w o r ld . W h a t m a k e s t h i s l ib r a r y