Page 41 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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GROSS/JEWISH THEMES IN RECENT POLISH LITERATURE
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earlier study, in Yiddish:
Diyidishe literatur biz di klasiker
(Yiddish
literature up to the era of the classicists; 1950). Works on Jewish
social life and customs also were published:
Moje Nalewki
(My
Nalewki Street; 1959), by Bernard Singer (Regnis), and
Warszawskie opowiadania
(Warsaw tales; 1958), by Ephraim Kaga-
nowski. A collection of Yiddish folksongs,
Rodzynki z migdalami;
antologia poezji ludowej Zydow
(Raisins and almonds; 1964), trans­
lated and edited by Jerzy Ficowski, was published, and a major
anthology of Yiddish poetry, compiled by Salomon Lastik and
edited by Arnold Slucki, was also prepared for publication. This
latter work was set aside, due to a change in Polish government
policy, and came out only after a fifteen-year hiatus:
Antologia
poezji Zydowskiej
(Anthology of Yiddish Poetry; 1983).
Starting in the mid-1950s Julian Stryjkowski’s first books about
Jews were published:
Glosy w ciemnosci
(Voices in the dark; 1957,
1971) and
Austeria
(1966 ; English edition:
The Inn,
1972). He was
forced to wait another decade before his subsequent works on
similar topics could appear. Also around this time Henryk
Grynberg’s literary vicissitudes began, with the publication in
1965 of
Zydowska wojna
(The Jewish war); after 1968 he resumed
his career abroad. Finally, one o f the most important books of the
period deserves to be mentioned, the detailed study by the couple
Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka:
BoZnice drewniane
(1957; English
edition:
Wooden synagogues,
1959).
In the 1970s, after a brief interlude (and the publication of sev­
eral books of an anti-Semitic or anti-Zionist character) a number
of books dealing with Jews began again to appear, in particular
works on the Warsaw Ghetto and the Ghetto uprising. The most
prominent of these include:
Chleb rzucony umariym
(Bread cast to
the dead; 1971), by Bohdan Wojdowski; a collection of poems,
Co
czytalem zmartym; wiersze getta warszawskiego
(What I read to the
dead: Warsaw Ghetto poems; 1977 and 1979), by Wladyslaw
Szlengel; an interview with Dr. Marek Edelman, one of the
leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising,
Zdq,zycprzed Panem Bogiem
(1977; English edition:
Shielding theflame,
1986), by Hanna Krall;
and a memoir about the German S.S. Commander Juergen
Stroop,
Rozmoxvy z katem
(1977 ; English edition:
Conversations with
an executioner,
1981), by Kazimierz Moczarski. This is a proper
place to note that Ber Mark’s book,
Powstanie wgetcie warszawskim,
first written in 1944 while the author was still residing in the
Soviet Union, has been revised several times and published in