Page 122 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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114
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
LOCALIZED RESEARCH
T h e f o r e r u n n e r a n d m ode l fo r Jew ish comm un ity stud ies is
H e n r iq u e R a t tn e r ’s
Tradiqao e Mudanqa, A comunidade Judaica
em Sao Paulo
(Sao Paulo: E d ito ra A tica 1977). Since th a t d a te ,
o th e r w e ll-resea rched s tud ies have a p p e a re d , in c lu d in g E ug en e
So fer,
From Pale to Pampa: The Jewish Immigrant Experience in
Buenos Aires
(New York: Ho lm es & Meier, 1982); Moshe Nes-El,
Historia de la comunidad israelita sefaradi de Chile
(San tiago : E d ­
itorial N asc im en to , 1984); Ja cobo S ch if te r S ikora , e t al,
E l judio
en Costa Rica
(San Jo se : E d ito ria l U n ive rs idad Estatal a D istancia,
1979); N achm an Falbel,
Estudos sobre a Comunidade Judaica no
Brasil
(Brasil: F ederagao Israe lita do Estado d e Sao Paulo ,
1984); an d A lfredo M. Se ife rhe ld ,
Los judios en el Paraguay
(A suncion: Revista d e la U n iv e rs id ad Catolica, 1981). T h e s e a u ­
tho rs have b ro k en defin itively with th e t ra d i t io n o f filiopietistic
w r i t in g w h ich f o rm e r ly p r e v a i le d , a p p ly in g m o d e r n
m e thodo log ies to th e i r subject.
T h e l i te ra tu re on Jew ish edu c a tion is as cop ious fo r La tin
Am erica as fo r o th e r d ia spo ra s , b u t ap p e a rs mostly in th e fo rm
o f articles in period ica ls an d yearbooks. O n e re c e n t excep tion
is Haim Avni,
Emancipation and Jewish Education: A Century of
Argentinian Jewry’s Experience, 1884-1984
(H eb rew , Je ru s a lem :
Zalman Shaza r C en te r , 1985), a p ro fess iona l h is to r ia n ’s analysis
o f th e subject. In te re s ting ly , no book has a p p e a r e d on re lig ion
o r relig ious p rac tice am o n g La tin Am e r ican Jew s. T h e s e a re
no tab ly secu la r popu la tion s . A subs tan tia l l i te ra tu re exists on
Zionism , th e secu lar re lig ion ; aga in , largely in pe r iod ica l fo rm .
A gap in A rg en t in e h is to r io g rap h y has b eg u n to be filled with
pub lica tion o f E d g a rd o Bilsky’s
La semana tragica
(Buenos A ires:
Biblioteca Politica A rg en t in a , 1984) an a ccoun t o f Jew ish p a r ­
tic ipa tion in the c rea tion o f th e A rg en t in e labo r m ov em en t an d
o f th e pog rom th a t fo rced Jew s o u t o f th e p ro le ta r ia t .
T h e rom an c e o f the Jew ish ag r icu l tu ra l colonies c o n tinu e s
to cap tivate . A lth o u g h th e u n rem i t t in g s tream o f h isto ries o f
th e colonies a p p e a r e d fo r a while to have d r ie d u p , a new g e n ­
e ra t io n o f scho lars has taken the field, an d p e rso n a l rem in is ­
cences a re aga in a p p e a r in g in quan tity . Recen t m em o ire s in ­
c lude J o s e f David E ichen ,
Sosua, una colonia hebrea en la Republica
Dominicana
(Santiago , D.R.: U n iv e rs id ad Catolica M ad re y
M aestra , 1980); Lea L ite ra t-G o lom bek ,
Moisesville: Cronica de un