Page 17 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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DAHM /JEW ISH PUBLISHING IN NAZI GERMANY
9
commercial activity was universally p roh ib ited by the
“Judengesetzgebung” (anti-Jewish legislation) following the
“Kristallnacht.”6
EXTENT OF ACTIVITY
According to the list published on July 1, 1937 by the
Sonderreferat Hinkel, 80 firms were regarded as constituting
the Jewish book trade — 27 publishers, including some with
book trade outlets, and 53 traditional bookstores. This number
rem a ined almost constant until October 1938, when
Sonderreferat Hinkel published a second updated list. The cen­
ter of the Jewish book trade was Berlin, which alone had 18
publishers, among them the Brandus’sche Buchhandlung.
Eschkol-Verlag, C. Boas Nachf., the publishing house of Erich
Lowe (formerly the “Jiidische Buchvereinigung”) and the Erich
Reiss Verlag, the book publishing branch of the
Jiidische
Rundschau
, the Philo-Verlag, the Jiidischer Verlag and the
Schocken Verlag. In Frankfurt there were the publishers of
the
Israelit
(Israelite) and Hermon, as well as the affiliated hous­
es I. Kauffmann and M. Lehrberger; in Breslau Jacob B.
Brandeis and Stefan Miinz (formerly the Jewish division of the
publisher M. u. H. Marcus), and in Leipzig M. W. Kaufmann.7
A detailed evaluation of these publishers would be impossible
here. However, I would like to say a few words about the pub­
lishers Schocken Verlag and Jiidischer Verlag, both of which
are especially significant for the history of Jewish books in Ger­
man.8 The history of Jiidischer Verlag harks back to the early
period of political Zionism. It was founded in 1902 by a group
of young oppositional Zionists as a kind of “central office for
the advancement of Jewish literature, art, and science.” Its im­
petus was, as Martin Buber, one of the spokesmen, wrote 25
years later, a “striving for a Judaism that is not merely pro­
claimed on paper, but practiced in daily life, for a . . . ‘Jewish
6 For details see
ibid.,
cols. 139-152, 163-174.
7 CF.
ibid.,
cols. 142f. and Appendix XIII (cols. 263-274).
8 The
Jiidische Rundschau
itself pointed this out when it published portraits
o f Schocken Verlag and Jiidischer Verlag as a literary supplement and jus­
tified this preference over other publishers. Cf. ‘Zwei Jiidische Verlage,’
in
Jiidische Rundschau
XXXXII, no. 90 (November 12, 1937), p. 9f.