Page 174 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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166
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
qu e s t an d it c a n n o t be viewed as a summ a ry of th e Pe rsian
p e r iod .
S igm und Mowinckel, in his com m en ta ry on E zra an d N e h e ­
m iah , theo r izes th a t th e book o f th e ch ron ic les re fe rs to the
T em p le anna ls . F rom the E lp h an t in e do cum en ts we le a rn th a t
at th e local T em p le th e re w ere k ep t various adm in is tra tiv e lists,
such as lists o f Levites in th e service, accoun ts , im p o r ta n t le tters ,
in s truc tion s an d d irectives, an d the like. If such lists w ere k ep t
in an ou tly ing city like E lp h an tin e , it s tands to rea son th a t this
was also the case in th e T em p le o f Je ru s a lem . I t can be assum ed
th a t th e custom th a t o b ta in ed in th e kingly palaces was also
followed in the T em p le w he re reco rd s were k ep t o f im p o r ta n t
events, such as th e in a u g u ra t io n o r d e a th o f a h igh priest.
We a re d ea ling h e re with a g en e ra t io n th a t saw th e crystalliza­
tion o f a new type o f J u d a ism , whose bases d e r iv ed f rom th e
T o r a h an d th e p ro p h e t ic teach ings , b u t which took on new
form s. We can assum e th a t th e p r inc ip les o f civil adm in is tra t io n
an d the o r d e r o f the T em p le w o rsh ip were a lready estab lished
by th en . D u r in g this time, th e re w ere set u p th e arch ives which
con ta in ed in fo rm a tion on th e divisions of th e Priests, Levites
and Israelites in th e T em p le services, as well as th e official P e r ­
sian do cum en ts g u a ra n te e in g th e r ig h t to m a in ta in these se rv ­
ices. P e rh ap s the anc ien t book which was h id d e n an d lost can
be co n s id e red th e genesis o f th e m ishnaic trac ta te s o f
Middot
an d
Tamid.
THE PROPHET HAGGAI
O u r p re s e n t book con ta ins th ir ty -e igh t verses, o f which
twenty- eigh t a re u n d o u b ted ly th e words o f H agga i h im se lf and
the re s t a concise n a r ra t iv e fram ew o rk in which H aggai is r e ­
fe r re d to in the th i rd pe rson .
I t is d iff icu lt to assum e th a t by d in t o f his sh o r t message H ag ­
gai succeeded in ch an g in g public op in ion re g a rd in g th e q u e s ­
tion o f reb u i ld in g the T em p le , ju s t as it is h a rd to accep t th a t
as a re su lt o f p ro p h e t ic activity th a t lasted b u t a total o f abou t
fo u r m on th s H agga i e a rn e d th e p riv ilege o f becom ing know n
as a p ro p h e t . It th e re fo re seems logical to assum e th a t we possess
only a p a r t o f th e message o f th e p r o p h e t .5
5. M. Zer-Kavod, Hebrew Commentary on Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, p.