Page 234 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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throughout his life. He also promoted the modern Hebrew move­
ment in this country through the Institute and by his own writings.
He published several volumes o f Hebrew poetry, including a work
Abraham Abulafia
o l o m o n
o rm s t e c h e r
. 100th ann iversary o f death. Bo rn in
Offenbach, Germany, in 1808, died there April 24, 1889. As rabbi
o f his native city he brought reforms to his community, in keeping
with developments throughout Germany at that time. T o underpin
this practical activity he wrote an important work, outlining his
understanding o f Judaism, in the spirit o f the philosophy o f
Schelling and Hegel, who were then considered the principal
thinkers o f Germany. Some o f his ideas are thought to have in­
fluenced Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig.
Sigmund Freud. 50th anniversary o f death. Born in Freiberg, Moravia,
now Czechoslovakia, in 1856, died in London, England, Septem­
ber 23, 1939. The world-renowned founder o f psychoanalysis nev­
er left Judaism, but had little use for religion. In his
(1935) he indicated his loyalty to the Jewish community. His one
book dealing with a Jewish subject,
Moses and Monotheism
aroused controversy among his co-religionists, in that it claimed
that the Jewish people had killed Moses, an Egyptian, who had
taught them an Egyptian version o f monotheism.
a c o b
r e u d e n t h a l
150th anniversary o f birth. Born in Bodenfelde,
Germany, June 20, 1839, died in Schreiberhau, Germany, in 1907.
A lecturer at the Breslau rabbinical seminary and at the local uni­
versity there, he concentrated his studies on Hellenistic and early
Jewish philosophy and on Spinoza, devoting several works to the
latter. One o f the classical texts he edited was recently reprinted
in this country a century after its first publication.
b r a h a m
r i e d l a n d
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Hordok,
Lithuania, in 1892, died in Cleveland, Ohio, August 3, 1939. In
this country since the early part o f the century, he became director
o f the Bureau o f Jewish Education in Cleveland. He wrote several
Hebrew textbooks in collaboration with Emanuel Gamoran, edu­
cational director o f the Union o f American Hebrew Congrega­
tions, thus furthering Hebrew education in the Reform Jewish
community. He also published several volumes o f Hebrew poetry.
His collected Hebrew stories deal mainly with American Jewish
life, unusual for Hebrew writers at that time, who tended to ro­
manticize the shtetl.
s r a e l
r u m k i n
75th anniversary o f death. Born in Dubrovno,
Russia, in 1850, died in Jerusalem, May 24, 1914. Coming to Jeru­
salem with his family as a child, he spent the major part o f his
life editing
(The Lily), one o f the early Hebrew peri­