Page 239 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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W IENER /JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
2 3 1
R
a p h a e l
K
i r c h h e i m
.
100th anniversary o f death. Born in Frankfurt
am Main, Germany, in 1804, died there, September 5, 1889. A
successful banker, he took an active interest in communal Jewish
life and published several works in Hebrew. At first an opponent
o f Reform Judaism, he later came under the influence o f Abraham
Geiger, so that he joined the new movement. Among other works,
he edited his mentor’s Hebrew writings after his death. He also
made annotations to the important Hebrew bio-bibliographic work
o f Hayyim Joseph David Azulai, the 18th century Italian scholar,
when a new edition was issued in 1843. He also wrote commen­
taries to the minor talmudic tractate Kutim and to the Book o f
Chronicles.
G
u i d o
K
i s c h
.
100th birthday. Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia, January
22, 1889. A historian o f the German law, he also had a strong
Jewish commitment, being the son o f a rabbi. Having taught at
German universities until the Hitler period, he came to this coun­
try in the 1930s, joining the faculty o f the Jewish Institute o f Re­
ligion in New York as professor o f Jewish history. During this
time he edited an important Jewish journal,
Historia Judaica
(1938-61) and wrote many articles and monographs on medieval
Jewry-law in Germany (
The Jews in Medieval Germany,
1949, 1970;
Jewry-Law in Medieval Germany,
1949;
In Search o f Freedom: a History
of the American Jews from Czechoslovakia,
1949). In 1962 he settled
in Basle, Switzerland, where he taught at the local university and
continued to publish studies on medieval German law codes, as
well as on the history o f German universities, including a study
devoted to the University o f Prague and the Jews.
E
u g e n e
J.
L
i p m a n
.
70th birthday. Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,
October 13, 1919. A graduate o f Hebrew Union College, he served
as a chaplain during World War II in Europe and was active in
the care o f the Holocaust survivors. First on the staff o f the Union
o f American Hebrew Congregations and then as rabbi in Wash­
ington, D.C., he was particularly concerned with the translation
o f the social teachings o f Judaism into reality. In collaboration
with Albert Vorspan he wrote
Justice and Judaism
(1956) and
A
Tale of Ten Cities, the Triple Ghetto in American Religious Life
(1962).
He also edited a partial translation o f the Mishnah (
The Mishnah,
Oral Teaching o f Judaism,
1970). At present he serves as president
o f the Central Conference o f American Rabbis, the federation o f
Reform rabbis.
L
e o n
M
a n d e l s t a m m
.
100th anniversary o f death. Born in Zagare,
Lithuania, in 1819, died in St. Petersburg, now Leningrad, Russia,
September 12, 1889. One o f the first Russian Jews to receive a
secular academic education, he became an official in the Russian