Page 240 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

Basic HTML Version

232
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
government to supervise the secular education of the Jews. He
prepared textbooks in Russian for use in these schools, but met
a great deal of opposition from the traditional Jewish community.
Among other works he prepared a Russian translation of the To ­
rah, published in Berlin in 1872. At first the Russian Orthodox
Church would not permit the importation of such a work, written
by a non-believer, but once the Hebrew original was printed along­
side of it, the ban was withdrawn.
R
e u b e n
M
a r g a l i o t
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Lvov, Poland,
November 30, 1889. A scholar of Hasidism and Kabbalah, he set­
tled in Tel-Aviv where he became head of the Rambam Library
in 1935. Among his many writings in Hebrew are important edi­
tions of the
Zohar,
and the 13th century ethical work,
Sefer Hasidim,
by Judah He-Hasid. He also wrote biographies of several medieval
rabbis and of the spiritual leaders of his native city, Lvov.
S
h i m s h o n
M
e l t z e r
.
80th birthday. Born in Tluste, Galicia, February
19, 1909. In Palestine since 1933, he published several volumes
of Hebrew poetry. But his principal activity has been translation
into Hebrew mainly from the Yiddish, including the collected
works of Y.L. Peretz. He also edited the memorial volume of the
Jewish community of Gorodenka, Ukraine.
A
u g u s t
N
e a n d e r
.
200th anniversary of birth. Born in Goettingen,
Germany, January 17, 1789, died in Berlin, Germany, in 1850.
Of a traditional Jewish family, he converted to Christianity at the
age of 17 and had a brilliant career as professor of theology and
church history in Berlin. His works on church history passed
through many editions also in their English translations. During
the blood libel in Damascus in 1840 he denounced the allegations
against the Jews, although he also opposed their emancipation
some time later.
J
o s e p h
P
e r l
.
150th anniversary of death. Born in Tarnopol, Galicia,
in 1773, died there October 1, 1839. One of the early maskilim
in Eastern Europe, he began as a Hasid, but then turned against
this movement, because he thought it harmful to the progress of
the Jews in modern society. He wrote several works against it and
also tried to develop a modern system of Jewish education with
the help first of the Russian, and then of the Austrian government.
An opponent of Yiddish like many other maskilim, he nevertheless
wrote in Yiddish to influence the Jewish community members,
who read primarily works in that language.
L
u d w i g
P
h i l i p p s o n
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Dessau, Ger­
many, in 1811, died in Bonn, Germany, December 29, 1889.
Among the early liberal rabbis in Germany, he served for many
years in Magdeburg, until near blindness forced him to retire.