Page 242 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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JEW ISH BOOK ANNUAL
vember 24, 1889, died in Jerusalem in 1974. From a traditional
Jewish family that followed the path o f Habad, he nevertheless
joined the Zionist movement, went to Germany to study in 1912,
and came to Palestine in 1924. He wrote the first book in Hebrew
on modern biblical criticism, viewing it favorably. At the same time
he studied Jewish mysticism and the events surrounding Shabbetai
Zevi. He also was an important leader o f the Zionist movement
between the wars and became minister o f education and culture
in the new Israel. He served as president o f Israel from 1963
to 1973. His writings cover the whole range o f Jewish interests.
In English there appeared
Morning Stars
(1966), reminiscences o f
his youth; also a slender volume o f
Poems
(1974), translated from
the Yiddish.
A
k i b a
E
r n s t
S
i m o n
.
90th birthday. Born in Berlin, Germany, March
15, 1899. From an assimilationist family, he became a Zionist under
the influence o f Buber and settled in Palestine in 1928 after com­
pleting his university studies in philosophy and education. During
the early Hitler years he returned to Germany to organize a Jewish
school system that was to prepare the students for aliyah. Later
he became professor o f education at the Hebrew University and
published many studies on education in Hebrew, also editing an
education encyclopedia in that language. Like Buber he favored
cooperation with the Arabs, and jointly with him and the late Ju­
dah Leon Magnes, president o f the Hebrew University, published
Towards Union in Palestine, Essays on Zionism and Jewish-Arab Coop­
eration
(1947).
I
s i d o r e
S
i n g e r
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Weisskirchen,
Moravia, now Czechoslovakia, in 1859, died in New York, Feb­
ruary 20, 1939. In the United States since about 1895 he carried
out his dream o f publishing a Jewish encyclopedia, and indeed,
he succeeded in accomplishing this project between 1901 and 1906
in 12 volumes. In Europe he had been a journalist and pamphlet­
eer, editing a journal in France espousing the cause o f Dreyfus.
He felt that a compilation o f information, such as an encyclopedia
represented, would serve as a weapon against prejudice and hate.
In that endeavor he did not succeed, but the encyclopedia is a
model for similar works that followed in Germany, Russia, Israel,
and Latin America. He also edited an insurance encyclopedia and
before World War I co-edited a 20-volume work,
The German Clas­
sics o f the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.
M
o s e s
S
o f e r
.
150th anniversary o f death. Born in Frankfurt am Main,
Germany, in 1762, d ied in Pressburg (now Bratislava,
Czechoslovakia), October 3, 1839. An uncompromising opponent
o f Reform, he founded an important yeshivah in Pressburg, where