Page 53 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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GOELL / REFERENCE TOOLS
45
“directional” and “source” types of reference tools. The direc­
tional type provides us with bibliographic information, directing
us to further literature on the topic of interest. The classic gen­
res of the directional type are bibliographies, catalogs and in­
dexes. Source type reference works provide us with non-
bibliographic information — the missing details which gener­
ated the information search. For the sake of convenience, our
survey will follow this differentiation.
DIRECTIONAL TYPE REFERENCE TOOLS
Directional type tools may be used for two purposes: current
awareness of new publications, both by acquisition librarians
and researchers, and retrospective bibliographic assistance.
As there is no current awareness tool devoted specifically to
all facets and periods of Eretz-Israel studies, we must rely on
more general works. The oldest and most inclusive is the Israel
national bibliography
Kiryat Sefer
(Hebrew), a quarterly journal
that has been appearing regularly since 1924.2 All individually
cataloged bibliographic items bearing relevance to Jews, Juda ­
ism, the Land and State of Israel received by the Jewish National
and University Library in Jersualem, irrespective of their lan­
guage or country of origin, are listed here — generally with
an average lag of 1-2 years from their date of publication. Since
Kiryat Sefer
is arranged in sections by subject, publications re­
lating to Eretz-Israel are easily located under the headings of
Eretz-Israel and the State of Israel.
A second general awareness tool, though that is not its main
purpose, is “The Central Current Catalog” prepared by the
Center for Public Libraries in Israel.3 The “Current Catalog”
prepares sets of library catalog cards on a weekly basis for
Israel’s public libraries, cataloging most Hebrew publications ap­
pearing in Israel excluding elementary schooltexts, workbooks,
2. Items will be noted briefly by title in the text with full bibliographical details
supplied in the Bibliography appended to the article. Hebrew titles are
generally given in translation in the text, marked (Hebrew) and appear
in the Hebrew section o f the Bibliography. Where a Hebrew item is supplied
with an English title by author or publisher, that title has been used even
if this causes some inconsistencies in spelling.
3. For a discussion o f the Center and its activities see my “The Center for
Public Libraries in Israel,”
Jewish Book Annual
36 (1978-1797): 67-78.