Page 93 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 46

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DORON / HASIDIC AND FOLKLORISTIC MOTIFS
85
th a t he ld his tran sg re ss ion s was packed to capacity; the r ig h t
one , set aside fo r his good deed s , was em p ty . At this the p ro s ­
e cu ting ange l re jo iced , while th e good ange l sighed . S udden ly
he saw his two ho rses an d buggy en te r in g the r ig h t scale, which
now ou tw e ighed th e left one with its transg ressions . He now
h e a rd the sound o f a conso ling dove saying: “W ho is it th a t
‘does cha rity a t all times?’ H e who p rov ides fo r his sons and
d a u g h te r s when they a re you n g .” 13 T h e r e u p o n the p o o r coach ­
m an was re a s su red an d even H eaven sh a red in his conso lation
an d joy .
Since trad i t io n teaches th a t “T h e Holy O ne , blessed be He,
does no t ho ld back th e (just) rew a rd o f any c r e a tu r e ,” 14 we
re ad a t the en d o f the ballad th a t th e coachm an was rew a rd ed
with sons an d d au g h te rs who fu lfilled the S c r ip tu re s in wealth
and happa iness .
4. LOVE OF FELLOW-JEW
T h e d eg re e to which the com m an dm en t “Love thy n e ighbo r
as th y s e l f ’ played a ro le in th e lives o f the g re a t hasidic leade rs
may be seen in th re e ballads: T h e
Kozatzka o f the Grandpa of
Shpole, The Young Man ,
an d
As Is Well-Known in Chortkov.
O n one o f his travels th e G ra n d p a o f Shpo le s topp ed at the
inn o f a U k ra in ian village. He fo u n d the in n k e ep e r gone and
his wife an d ch ild ren waiting. H av ing failed to make his pay ­
m en t to the
paritz
(overlo rd ) on time, the in n k e ep e r was th row n
in to a d u n g e o n and was now on the verge o f dea th . T h e
paritz
h ad d e te rm in e d to m ake sp o r t o f the inn k e ep e r . He was to
be d re ssed in a bear-sk in an d to be o rd e re d to dance th e bear-
dance to e n te r ta in th e guests. I f he failed to dance , he would
be w h ipped to d e a th . Bu t i f he succeeded in e n te r ta in in g the
nob le guests, his d eb t would be p a rd o n ed . However, the in n ­
k eepe r , w eakened as he was from fasting , was in no cond ition
to dance , an d he was all bu t ce r ta in to die an d leave b eh ind
him a widow an d o rp h an s .
“G ra n d p a ” d ec ided th en an d th e re th a t
he
would dance the
bea r-dance . B rib ing th e g u a rd with a bo ttle o f liquo r an d m o n ­
ey, h e ga ined access to the d u n g eo n . T h e in n k e e p e r and G ra n d ­
13 See the original statement in Ketubot 50a.
14 Cf. Bava Kamma 38b.