Page 190 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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THEODORE WIENER
Jewish Literary Anniversaries, 1990
The
t w o
p r i n c i p a l
Jewish communities in the world, those in
the United States and in Israel, furnish the bulk of the distin­
guished personalities we remember in the coming year. Cyrus
Adler, Bernard Revel, and Solomon Schechter helped create
rabbinical seminaries for the Conservative and Orthodox
branches of American Judaism that are continuing to play a
major role in the spiritual life of our people. Zevi Diesendruck
and Jacob Mann were associated with the Hebrew Union Col­
lege that serves Reform Judaism in the same way. Their or­
ganizational and scholarly leadership continues to redound to
the benefit of us all. An energetic lay leader of the past century,
Benjamin Franklin Peixotto, utilized the freedom afforded to
him to advance the cause of our persecuted brethren in Ro­
mania. He later established a magazine for B’nai B’rith, which
is now one of the largest Jewish periodicals in this country.
Raphael Patai and Abraham Aaron Roback were engaged in
Jewish scholarship outside the rabbinical seminaries. In a way
they have been the forerunners of the many scholars fostering
Jewish learning in an ever increasing number of secular insti­
tutions.
Abba Eban and Moshe Sharett were among the architects of
the Jewish State. Their efforts helped to ensure that the work
of the Israeli writers, such as Avigdor Hameiri, Aharon
Megged, and Rahel would continue to find a home. Outstand­
ing Israeli scholars are Shraga Abramson, Chanokh Albeck, and
Dov Noy.
Among the giants of modern Jewish creativity have been Isaac
Leib Peretz and Martin Buber, the former — one of the major
figures in Yiddish literature, and the latter — one of the great
Jewish thinkers of our time.
Associated with Yiddish literature and drama are Abraham
Goldfaden, Jacob Pat, Nahum Stutchkoff, and the martyred
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