Page 197 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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WIENER /JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES, 1990
1 8 9
V
l a d im i r
J
a b o t i n s k y
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Odessa, Rus­
sia, in 1880, died near New York, August 4, 1940. First a Russian
writer and journalist, he became interested in Zionism after the
Kishineff Pogrom o f 1903. During World War I he pleaded for
the establishment o f a Jewish Legion to fight on the side o f the
Allies in opposition to the Zionist Organization, which was neutral
in the struggle, but he finally prevailed. Always independent in
thought, he could never submit to party discipline, and thus
formed the Revisionist Zionist movement, which he led until his
death. As an adult he learned Hebrew to become a brilliant essayist
in that language. His best-known work is a novel about Samson,
which in English translation has appeared under the titles,
Judge
and Fool
(1930),
Prelude to Delilah
(1945), and
Samson
(1986).
The
Story of the Jewish Legion
was published in 1945.
J
o s e p h
K
a s t e i n
.
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Bremen, Ger­
many, October 6, 1890, died in Tel Aviv in 1946, where he had
settled in 1933. He was the author o f several books on Jewish
history. In English translation there appeared
History and Destiny
of the Jews
(1933, 1936
), Jews in Germany
(1934), and
The Messiah
o f Ismir, Sabbatai Zevi
(1931).
Y
e s h a y a h u
K
l i n o v
.
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Podolia,
Ukraine, December 7, 1890, died in Jerusalem in 1963. After
World War I he was active in journalism in Berlin, also serving
as a correspondent for
Haaretz,
one o f the principal dailies in Pal­
estine, where he settled in 1933. He was at various times director
o f public relations for the Jewish Agency and after the establish­
ment o f the State head o f the government press office. He is best
remembered for the picture albums,
Israel Reborn
(1949),
Chaim
Weizmann, First President of the State of Israel
(1950),
Herzl, Seer of
the State
(1950),
Feasts and Festivals in Israel
(1951),
How Israel Is
Governed
(1952), and
The Children of Israel
(1952).
N
a c h m a n
K
r o c h m a l
.
150th anniversary o f death. Born in Brody,
Galicia, in 1785, died in Tarnopol, Galicia, July 31, 1840. An im­
portant figure in the Haskalah he was influenced by the medieval
Jewish philosophers, Moses Maimonides and Abraham ibn Ezra
and the German philosophers, Kant, Schelling, and Hegel. His
principal work,
Moreh Nevukhe ha-Zeman
(1851, 1924, 1961) indi­
cated by its title that he wanted to pattern h im self after
Maimonides’s
Guide to the Perplexed.
Through this work he hoped
to stimulate the study o f Jewish history and religion and to arrive
at a method o f interpreting our past in order to help guide us
into a clearer future.
E
p h r a im
M
o s e s
K
u h
.
200th anniversary o f death. Born in Breslau,
Germany, in 1731, died there, April 4, 1790. For some years he