Page 198 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
lived in Berlin and was befriended by Moses Mendelssohn and
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. Interested in literature he began to
write poetry. He left behind over 5,000 poems, a selection o f which
was published by the prominent German poet Karl Wilhelm
Ramler, a contemporary o f his in 1792. Berthold Auerbach, the
19th century German Jewish novelist, wrote a novel based on the
friendship o f Kuh and Mendelssohn.
M
o s h e
K
u l b a k
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Smorgon, near
Vilna, in 1896, died in a Soviet labor camp, July 17, 1940. A Yid­
dish poet, novelist and playwright, he lived in Vilna, Berlin, and
Minsk at various times. His poetry was influenced by the expres­
sionist movement, but in the Soviet Union he tried to adjust to
the required Socialist realism. This, however, did not save him
from being purged eventually. However, he was rehabilitated 16
years after his death, and some o f his works have been reissued
in the Soviet Union.
L
e ib
K
v i t k o
.
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Kleskov, Russia, No­
vember 11, 1890, executed with other Yiddish writers in 1952.
For some years a popular Yiddish poet and novelist in the Soviet
Union, he was especially successful as a children’s poet, his verse
being translated into many o f the languages o f the Soviet Union
with a total edition o f 11 million copies. This did not save him
from the fate o f the other Yiddish writers. He was rehabilitated
in 1954.
M
a r c u s
L
e h m a n n
.
100th anniversary o f death. Born in Verden, Ger­
many, in 1831, died in Mainz, Germany, April 14, 1890. A modern
Orthodox rabbi in Mainz and a follower o f Samson Raphael
Hirsch, he is remembered as the founder o f the weekly
Israelit,
which was read throughout the Orthodox Jewish community in
Germany and continued to appear until 1938, when Jewish life
was destroyed under the Nazi regime. He also wrote many stories
with Jewish historical background which have been translated into
English, Hebrew, and other languages. A collection in English ap­
peared under the title
Faith and Courage
(1965). Other titles in­
clude:
Akiba
(1925),
The Counts o f Coucy
(1964),
The Royal Resident
(1969), and
Rabbi Joselman o f Rosheim
(1974). His commentary on
the Haggadah appeared likewise in English translation (
Passover
Haggadah,
1969).
Z
a l m a n
D
a v i d
L
e v o n t i n
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Orsha,
Russia, in 1856, died in Tel Aviv, June 19, 1940. An early en­
thusiast o f Hibbat Zion, the forerunner o f the Zionist movement,
he went to Palestine in 1882 and bought the land for the colony
that became Rishon Le-Zion. When Herzl came upon the scene,
he appointed Levontin a director o f the Jewish Colonial Trust,