Page 200 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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192
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
whose auspices many of the Jewish folklore studies that he edited
appeared. A large number of collections of Jewish folktales from
North Africa as well as Iran and Yemen have been published with
his encouragement. In English there appeared
Folktales of Israel
(1963),
MoroccanJewish Folktales
(1966), and
Studies in Marriage Cus­
toms
(1974).
S
o l o m o n
P
a p p e n h e i m
.
250th anniversary of birth. Born in Zuelz, Ger­
many, February 2, 1740, died in Breslau, Germany, in 1814. A
dayan in Breslau, he was an adherent of Haskalah, although he
opposed the reforms advocated by David Friedlaendaer. He wrote
a three-part work on Hebrew synonyms (1784-1831) and ex­
pressed his varying moods of tragedy and exultation in a book
of rhymed Hebrew prose, first published in 1790 and reprinted
several times thereafter. This work is considered one of the pi­
oneer works of Hebrew lyricism.
J
a c o b
P
a t
.
100th birthday. Born in Bialystok, Poland, July 19, 1890,
died in New York in 1966. At various times his political allegiance
was given to Socialist Zionism and anti-Zionist Bundism. In War­
saw he directed the Yiddish school network and served on the
Warsaw Jewish community council. In this country he was secre­
tary of the Jewish Labor Committee, which had a similar political
orientation as the Bund. During his stay in Poland he wrote many
stories in Yiddish for adults and children. In this country he served
on the editorial board of the Yiddish magazine,
Zukunft.
He also
took part in the publication of the
Leksikon fun der Nayer Yidisher
Literatur
(1956-81). Volume 7 was dedicated to his memory.
R
a p h a e l
P
a t a i
.
80th birthday. Born in Budapest, Hungary, October
22, 1910. He was the first to receive a Ph.D. degree from the
Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1936. Since 1947 he has taught
in this country at Dropsie College and Fairleigh Dickinson Uni­
versity in New Jersey. His fields of interest have been Jewish and
general folklore and the history of the Middle East. He also has
devoted studies to the history of Zionism, editing the English trans­
lation of Theodor Herzl’s diaries and the
Herzl Year Book
(1958-65),
as well as the
Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel
(1971). He also wrote
Nahum Goldmann, His Missions to the Gentiles
(1983), evaluating his
contribution to the founding of the State of Israel and to the se­
curing of reparations from Germany. In 1988 he published his
autobiography,
Apprentice in Budapest.
B
e n j a m i n
F
r a n k l i n
P
e i x o t t o
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in
New York in 1834, died there, September 18, 1890. As a young
man he was an editor of the
Cleveland Plain Dealer
and was also
active in Jewish life, becoming grandmaster of B’nai B’rith in 1863.
He had close political contacts, so that President Grant appointed