Page 202 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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journals as well as for some o f the German periodicals promoting
modern Jewish studies. He edited some medieval rabbinic texts
and a talmudic encyclopedia. Through correspondence he was in
contact with German Jewish scholars. While opposing Reform Ju­
daism, as it developed in Germany, he believed in free inquiry
into traditional sources, thus defending Zacharias Frankel’s work
on the Mishnah against attacks by Samson Raphael Hirsch.
e r n a r d
e v e l
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Kovno (Kaunas),
Lithuania, in 1885, died in New York, December 2, 1940. In the
United States since 1906, he eventually enlarged the Isaac
Elchanan Rabbinical Seminary by adding a high school and liberal
arts college to form Yeshiva University, which now includes also
the Albert Einstein College o f Medicine and the Benjamin N.
Cardozo School o f Law. Most o f his writings consist o f studies
in Hebrew dealing with the Halakhah. In English there appeared
The Karaite Halakah and Its Relation to Sadducean, Samaritan, and
Philonian Halakah
(1913). His significance to American Orthodoxy
is indicated by several biographies that have been published over
the years.
m m a n u e l
He inr ich R it te r . 100th anniversary o f death. Born in
Ratibor, Germany, in 1825, died in Johannesbad, Bohemia, now
Czechoslovakia, July 9, 1890. Trained in classical philology and
history at the University o f Breslau, he could not get an academic
appointment without conversion to Christianity. He became a
teacher in the school o f the Berlin Reform congregation, even­
tually succeeding Samuel Holdheim as rabbi in 1860. He wrote
a four-volume history o f Reform Judaism (1858-1902), also pub­
lished collections o f sermons and defended Jewish civic rights
against attacks by a Prussian legislator.
Abraham Aaron Roback. 100th anniversary o f birth and 25th anni­
versary o f death. Born in Russia, June 19, 1890, died in Cam­
bridge, Massachusetts, June 5, 1965. Coming to this country as
a child, he became a psychologist and published numerous works
in this field. Active in education in Massachusetts, he devoted sev­
eral works to his other major interest, Yiddish literature. Such
works as
Curiosities of Yiddish Literature
The Story o f Yiddish
(1940, 1974),
I.L. Peretz, Psychologist of Literature
Contemporary Yiddish Literature
(1957) were intended to ac­
quaint the English reader with this subject. An earlier work was
Jewish Influence in Modern Thought
iz h a k
a d e h
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Lublin, Poland,
August 19, 1890, died in Tel Aviv in 1952. A veteran o f the Czarist
and the Red armies he settled in Palestine in 1920, and from the
beginning combined pioneer labor in upbuilding the country with