Page 55 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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a teacher. A second volume, also published in Philadelphia, ap­
peared in 1859 and will be noted later under the rubric of
Jewish Law.
Avne Yeshoshu°a
was considered of some importance and
showed the au thor’s intimate acquaintance with talmudic liter­
ature and medieval philosophers. Rabbi Falk was a native of
Kurnick in Prussia and was the author of two earlier works,
Binyan Yehoshifa
Homat Yehoshifa,
published in Europe be­
fore his arrival in the New World.
Avne Yeshoshifa
was also high­
ly praised for its physical appearance and typography.
A third work in this category appeared in 1875. Jechiel Judah
Levinsohn published a study of the aggadic elements of the
Talmud entitled
Ha-Emet Ha-cIvriyah,
the first Hebrew book
published in Chicago. Levinsohn, who was born in Russia,
served as a maggid or preacher in various American syna­
gogues, and died in New York in 1895.
The conflict over the appearance of the Reform movement
and the response from the traditional community generated
the publication of a large number of pamphlets and brochures,
mostly in German and English. The Orthodox Jewish commu­
nity, primarily composed of immigrants was, for the most part,
uninvolved, but during this period at least two pamphlets at­
tacking the innovations of the Reform movement appeared in
traditional rabbinic style.
Elijah M. Holzman’s
cEmek Refa°im
was published in New York
in 1865, attacking the efforts at Reform in general, and spe­
cifically Rabbis Max Lilienthal and Isaac Mayer Wise, who were
its foremost proponents. A much more substantial attack was
prepared by Nahum Streusand in a pamphlet entitled
La-tocim Binah,
published in New York in 1872, which attacked
the practice of women singing in the synagogue and the use
of an organ.
Not only were works directed against the innovations of Re­
form, but one also attempted to defend the Torah view of a
specific issue. A work that attained some prominence was
by Rabbi Aaron Zvi Friedman. It appeared in New York
in 1875 and was written in response to a letter sent by the pres­
ident of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals