Page 63 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 47

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KAGANOFF / RABBINIC LITERATURE IN THE UNITED STATES
5 5
published a revised edition of this anti-Christian work also on
green paper. According to Deinard, the entire edition was de­
stroyed by fire. Only one copy survived.
Controversies among rabbis in the New World or between
the rabbi and his congregation also produced some literature
that falls under this rubric. The most famous rabbinic conflict
occurred in Chicago between the Ridbaz and Rabbi Zvi Shimon
Album. It was certainly the most widely discussed in the rabbinic
world. After an initial visit to America to raise funds to publish
his commentary to the Palestinian Talmud, the Ridbaz, known
as the Slutsker Rav, returned to Russia. He was invited to be­
come the chief rabbi of a number of East European congre­
gations in Chicago, and became involved in an unfortunate con­
troversy with Rabbi Album over kashrut supervision in the city
which eventually embroiled many local lay and religious leaders.
The Ridbaz justified his position in the introductions to his writ­
ings
Nimmuke Ridvaz
(see section on Bible studies) and
Bet Ridvaz
(Jerusalem, 1908). Album presented his side in his
Divre Emet,
published in Chicago in two volumes in 1904 and 1912. P.
Gewirtzman attacked Album and defended the Ridbaz in his
Okhen Noda Ha-Davar,
published in Cleveland in 1904. The
Ridbaz eventually resigned his position and settled in Safed,
Palestine, where he was elected the rabbi of the Ashkenazic com­
munity.
Rabbi Moses Weinberger also publicly aired his complaints
aga inst the H u n g a r ian Cong rega tion Beth H am ed ro sh
Hagadol, where he had been employed since 1895. The sim­
mering conflict between rabbi and congregation finally erupted
in a riot in the synagogue on the last day of Passover, and police
had to be called in. What caused the violence was Weinberger’s
entry into the matzoh business to supplement his income. Some
of the members of the synagogue were also in this enterprise.
Weinberger’s side of the events were published in
Divre Shalom
Ve-Emet
in 1908.
JEWISH LAW
Another area in which a substantial number of works ap­
peared were either codes of Jewish law or guides for proper
observance of Jewish ritual life, often dealing with specific is­
sues. Mention was made previously of the first Hebrew rabbinic