Page 214 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 48

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
Hofmann,
1936;
Arthur Schnitzler,
1932;
Germany’s Stepchildren,
1944,
1972, a general discussion o f German Jewish literature; and
The
English Legend of Heinrich Heine
1954). On Yiddish literature he
wrote
Eliakum Zunser, Poet of His People
(1950),
The Flowering of
Yiddish Literature
(1964) and
A History of Yiddish Literature
(1972,
1985).
N
achman
M
ayzel
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Kiev, Russia,
in 1887, died in New York, April 27, 1966. Active as a Yiddish
writer and publisher in his native city until leaving for Warsaw
in 1921, where he continued his literary activity, he transferred
his domicile to New York in 1937, spending his last years in Israel.
During all this time he served as a historian and critic o f Yiddish
literature producing countless monographs and articles and edit­
ing periodicals.
M
artin
P
h il ippson
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Magdeburg,
Germany, in 1846, died in Berlin, Germany, August 2, 1916. Son
of Ludwig Philippson, a pioneer liberal German rabbi and founder
of a national German Jewish periodical that appeared for nearly
a century, he was a professor o f modern European history in Ger­
many and in Brussels, Belgium, and later an executive of a major
German Jewish organization. He wrote numerous volumes on
modern European history, several of which were translated into
English. His major Jewish work was a history of modern Jewry
that appeared in three volumes.
L
eon
P
insker
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Tomaszow, Poland,
in 1821, died in Odessa, Russia, November 30, 1891. An assim­
ilated Russian Jew, he thought cultural assimilation would help
improve the condition of his fellow-Jews. After the pogroms of
1882, he published a pamphlet,
Autoemancipation,
calling for a sep­
arate homeland of the Jews. This work galvanized the Hibbat Zion
movement, the forerunner of the later Zionist movement under
Herzl. It was translated into many languages. The practical results
of his work did not seem apparent at the time of his death, but
it helped rally the people at the time of Herzl’s appearance some
years later. A selection of his writings in English translation ap­
peared under the title,
Road to Freedom
(1944, 1975).
E
liyahu
P
orat
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Lithuania in 1906,
died in Kibbutz Ein ha-Horesh, Israel, October 23, 1966. In the
Kibbutz since 1930, he later became an editor at Sifriat Poalim,
the Kibbutz publishing house. He translated quite a few books
from western languages into Hebrew, among them Saul Bellow’s
Herzog.
G
abriel
P
reil
.
80th birthday. Born in Dorpat, Estonia, August 21,
1911. In this country since 1922, he has been a Hebrew and Yid-