Page 216 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 48

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
The Saga o f Haifa
(1968), an illustrated description o f the city;
With His Own Hands
(1970), a memorial to his brother Eliyahu
who died in the War o f Independence in 1948; and
My Life With
Ishmael
(1970), about his personal relations with Arabs.
B
ernard
S
helv in
.
50th anniversary of death. Born near Minsk, Russia,
in 1883, died in New York, November 28, 1941. In the late 1890s
he went to London and wrote there for various Yiddish newspa­
pers, settling in New York in 1908. There he was active in the
Zionist movement and contributed many articles to the Yiddish
press, particularly on Jewish cantorial music and on Zionism. He
devoted a longer study to an appraisal of Ahad Ha-Am.
C
hone
S
hmeruk
.
70th birthday. Born in Warsaw, Poland, January 5,
1921. After a thorough Jewish and general education, he spent
the war years in the Soviet Union, coming to Israel in 1949 and
completing his education there. Teaching Yiddish literature at the
Hebrew University, he has published various studies in this area
as well as in the history of Soviet Jewry. In English he co-edited
The Penguin Book of Modem Yiddish Verse
(1987).
The Esterke Story
in Yiddish and Polish Literature
(1985) deals with the legend about
a Jewish mistress to a Polish king in the 14th century.
S
holem
A
leichem
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Pereyaslav, Rus­
sia, in 1859, died in New York, May 13, 1916. One of the major
figures in Yiddish literature, he originally began writing in He­
brew, but later turned to Yiddish to have close contact with the
Jewish masses. His stories were published in Yiddish periodicals
and soon became very popular. Their humor was appreciated by
his readers and listeners, for in his later years he held readings
of his works which were popular throughout the Jewish commu­
nities in Russia.
A
large number of his works are now available
in English translation, such as
In the Storm
(1984);
The Adventures
of Menahem-Mendl
(1969, 1979);
Tevye the Dairyman and The Railroad
Stories
(1987);
Inside Kasrilevke
(1973); and
The Best o f Sholom
Aleichem
(1989). The musical,
Fiddler on the Roof
(1965), based on
his stories, proved enormously successful all over the world.
M
axwell
S
ilver
.
100th anniversary of birth and 25th anniversary of
death. Born in Neustadt-Scherwindt, Lithuania, January 1, 1891,
died in New York, October 9, 1966. An ordained Reform rabbi,
he served in this capacity for a number of years before going into
banking, becoming an officer of a New York bank. He neverthe­
less. carried on his Jewish studies, which resulted in the following
works:
Justice and Judaism in the Light of Today
(1928);
The Ethics
o f Judaism From the Aspect o f Duty
(1938);
The Way to God
(1950);
and
There Was a Man .
. .
The Drama o f the Book o f Job
(1965), a
dramatization in a modern setting.