Page 183 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 49

Basic HTML Version

WIENER/JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
175
J
a n u s z
K
o r c z a k
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Warsaw, Poland,
in 1878, died in the Holocaust after August 5, 1942. Originally
a physician, he eventually headed a Jewish orphan asylum in War­
saw. He took a deep interest in his charges and wrote extensively
about the rehabilitation o f wayward youths. Very popular also were
his children’s stories, some o f which have also appeared in English
translation, such as
Big Business Billy
(1939),
Matthew, the Young
K ing
(1945), and in another edition under the title
King Matt, the
First
(1986). His diary o f the war years was entitled
Ghetto Diary
(1978) and in another edition,
The Warsaw Ghetto Memoirs
(1979).
A work on his educational philosophy appeared under the title,
Selected Works of Janusz Korczak
(1967).
J
u d a h
L
e o n
L
a n d a u
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Zatozce,
Galicia, in 1866, died in Johannesburg, South Africa, August 26,
1942. After a traditional training at home he acquired a modern
rabbinic education in Vienna and eventually settled in South Africa
as chief rabbi o f the United Hebrew Congregations there. A He­
brew writer o f note, he wrote a number o f historical dramas in
that language, one being translated into English (
Conflicting Worlds,
a Drama o f Present Day Jewish Life,
1933). He also published
Short
Lectures on Modern Hebrew Literature,
(1923, 1938), given at a uni­
versity in South Africa, where he taught Hebrew language and
literature for a number o f years. A collection o f sermons was en­
titled
Judaism, Ancient and Modern
(1936) and a collection o f essays,
Judaism in Life and Literature
(1936). A selection o f his writings
reflecting his activities as poet, rabbi, and dramatist was recently
published in Israel.
J
a c o b
Z.
L
a u t e r b a c h
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in
Monasterzyska, Galicia, in 1873, died in Cincinnati, Ohio, March
21, 1942. Trained for the modern Orthodox rabbinate in Berlin,
he came to this country as department editor for Talmud and
Rabbinics o f the
Jewish Encyclopedia.
Following the completion o f
that work, he served as rabbi in various communities before being
appointed professor o f Talmud at the Hebrew Union College in
1911. His most important work is the edition and translation o f
the
Mekhilta,
published in 3 volumes by the Jewish Publication So­
ciety (1933-1935). Two posthumous collections o f scholarly articles
appeared under the titles,
Rabbinic Essays
(1951, 1973) and
Studies
in Jewish Law, Custom, and Folklore
(1970).
J
a c o b
L
e v y
.
100th anniversary o f death. Born in Posen, Germany,
in 1819, died in Breslau, Germany, February 27, 1892. Belonging
to the first generation o f modern trained German rabbis, he
eventually officiated in Breslau, although devoting most o f his time
to Jewish scholarship. He compiled a four-volume dictionary o f