Page 188 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 49

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180
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
Sages, Their Concepts and Beliefs
(1975, 1987), and
The Halakhah.
Its Sources and Development
(1986).
Z
i s h e
W
e i n p e r
.
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Turisk, Russia,
April 14, 1892, died in New York in 1957. After a turbulent youth
wandering around in the Ukraine, he arrived in New York in 1913.
There he participated in the contending literary movements o f
Yiddish poets. During World War I he served in the Jewish Legion
and later wrote about his experiences. Under the impact o f the
Nazi oppression he became a Communist. A selection o f his poems
appeared in English translation,
At The rich M an s Gate
(1935). He
also edited
Frank C. Kirk, His Life and Works
(1956).
U
r ie l
W
e i n r e i c h
.
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Vilna, Lithuania,
in 1926, died in New York March 30, 1967. A general and Yiddish
philologist, he taught Yiddish philology at Columbia University,
also serving as chairman o f the department o f linguistics there.
His best-known works are
College Yiddish
(1949, 1965, 1969) and
Modern English-Yiddish, Yiddish-English Dictionary
(1968, 1977, and
a new edition about to appear). His lecture,
Languages in Contact
(1968, 1974), was highly praised by specialists in the field.
L
u d w ik
Z
a m e n h o f
.
75th anniversary o f death. Born in Bialystok, Po­
land, in 1859, died in Warsaw, Poland, April 14, 1917. A physician
who had been interested originally in Yiddish linguistics, he de­
veloped a simplified language, which he called Esperanto, in the
hope that it would become an international language. For a
number o f years several international congresses were held for
its promotion, but eventually the interest in it declined. Among
the works that he himself translated into Esperanto was the Bible.
H
il l e l
, Z
e i t l i n
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Korma, Russia,
in 1871, died in the Holocaust September 11, 1942. A writer in
Hebrew and Yiddish, he contributed for many years to Yiddish
dailies in Warsaw. He believed that Judaism’s major thrust was
mystical rather than rational and therefore tried to prove that the
Zohar,
the major work o f the Kabbalah, was much older than the
medieval Spanish period, as historians have usually assumed. In
his writings there are premonitions o f the Holocaust. He wrote
several books on Judaism and Hasidism dealing also with the prob­
lem o f evil.
M
o s e s
S
a m u e l
Z
u c k e r m a n d e l
.
75th anniversary o f death. Born in
Ungarisch-Brod, Moravia, in 1836, died in Breslau, Germany, in
March 1917. Serving as a modern Conservative rabbi in various
German communities, he concentrated on publishing an author­
itative edition o f the
Tosefta,
that halakhic work originating at the
same time as the
Mishnah.
It was first published in the 1880s, and