Page 44 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 5 (1946-1947)

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
32
Mendele, Bialik and Sokolow, and such leaders as Herzl, Weiz-
mann and Shmarya Levin. The articles have a living quality and
are the best memorial to Goldberg’s first love — the Hebrew
language. From the appreciations of Menahem Ribalow, E. E.
Lisitsky, Simon Bernstein, Reb Binyamin, Daniel Persky, Zevi
Scharfstein and Shlomo Hillels, we get intimate pictures of Gold-
berg’s strivings and dreams and of his Zionist activity and literary
work. A biography and bibliography of all of Goldberg’s Hebrew
writings, contributed by A. R. Malachi, enhances the volume.
The first volume of
Toldot Hahinuh B’yisrael
(The History of
Jewish Education), by Prof. Zevi Scharfstein was also published
by Ogen. The volume is the first of its kind in our literature and
deals with elementary as well as higher Jewish education in Euro-
pean countries from the days of the Emancipation to the first
World War. Prof. Scharfstein has attempted, in the first place,
to present the facts regarding the Jewish educational system of
each country, and he has succeeded in doing this without ped-
antry. His source material is worked into the text and he quotes
copiously from the writings of the important men of each age and
country. But he also has a purpose and an aim which he makes
quite evident to the readers: to describe the struggle for the de-
fense of the old type of Jewish education against the inroads of
Enlightenment. Prof. Scharfstein is conscious of the shortcomings
of the
heder
and its system but he shows tha t the passing of tha t
type of intensive education made for the weakening of Jewish edu-
cation. Wherever Hebrew was taken out of the curriculum, the
moral fibre of the community was weakened and assimilation set
in. This is seen in the chapters dealing with France, Germany,
Austria, etc., in which the influence of the Enlightenment move-
ment is described. More than one third of the book is devoted to
Russia and Poland, in proportion to their importance as centers
of Jewish life and strongholds of Jewish culture. In all there are
ten chapters and an introduction on old-type education. Each
chapter of this finely illustrated volume is introduced by a survey
of the historical background of the period.
c h u r g i n
s
t a r g u m
k e t u b i m
In the field of Biblical research there appeared Dr. Pinkhos
Churgin’s
Targum Ketubim
(The Targum to Hagiographa). Dr.
Churgin is one of our Jewish scholars in America who seeks the
advancement of scientific research in Hebrew. For this purpose
he founded the scholarly magazine
Horeb
, under whose imprint
this book appears. Dr. Churgin has been dealing with the biblical