Page 121 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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ROTH /JEWISH LITERATURE IN MEDIEVAL SPAIN
113
and perhaps even other literary works in Spanish prior to their
conversion. Some as yet isolated evidence of this is revealed
in singular examples of Spanish poems composed not by
con-
versos
but by Jews, for instance, in the
cancioneros
of the fifteenth
century. When the history of Jewish literature in medieval Spain
is finally written, account will have to be taken also of such
things as the survival of medieval Spanish ballads and poems
among the later Sefardic Jews, as evidence of general Jewish
awareness of and participation in medieval literature.
Just as the origin of the Spanish language owed much to Jew­
ish contributions through such things as the early medieval
translations of biblical texts, followed by the translation of sci­
entific and philosophical works as well as the composition in
Spanish of original works, so the indirect contribution, at least,
of themes and motifs to Spanish literature, and finally the de­
velopment of the “new style” of fifteenth-century expression,
were important ways in which the Jews in part repaid the land
which for centuries had nurtured them and which they honored
with the term traditionally reserved for the Holy Land, “land
of glory”
(erets ha-tsevi).
Bibliography
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B u s tam a n t e ,
Historia de la literatura universal
(M a d r id ,
1946).
D Ia z E s t e b a n , F. “L i t e r a tu r a h i s p a n o h e b r e a ,” in J .M . D ie z B o r q u e ,
e d . ,
Historia de las literaturas hispdnicas no castellanas
(M a d r id ,
1980),
p p .
179-219.
D I e z M a c h o , A l e j a n d r o .
La novelistica hebraica medieval
(Barcelona,
1951).
G o n z a l o M a e s o , D a v id .
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(M a ­
d r id ,
1960), but
s e e S c h i rm a n n ’s r e v iew in
Kiryatsefer
37 (1961-62):
403, No. 1122.
M i l l A s - V a l l i c r o s a , J o s £ M a .
“Literatura hebraicoespanola,”
Historia
general de las literaturas hispdnicas
(Barcelona, 1949), I, 143-211 (and
cf. his
Literatura hebraicoespanola
[Madrid, 1967]).
P a g i s , D a n .
“Variety in Medieval Rhymed Narratives,”
Scripta
Hierosolymitana
27 (1978): 79-98.
---------------
Hebrew Poetry of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
(Berke­
ley, 1991).
R o t h , N o rm a n .
“The Lyric Tradition in Hebrew Secular Poetry of
Medieval Spain,”
Hispanic Journal
2 (1981): 7-26.
S t e r n , D a v i d a n d M a r k J a y M i r s k y , e d s .
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(P h i la d e lp h ia , 1 9 9 0 ) .