Page 250 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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242
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
his [the Nagid’s].”6 Some eighteen other references to the works
o f Ibn Nagrela are found in Ibn Ezra’s Bible commentaries and
the “22 books” written by the Nagid are cited in the latter’s
Sefer Yesod Morah
(1.2).7
SECULAR WRITINGS
The Nagid is best known for the “secular” poetry in his
Ben
Tehillim, Ben Mishle
and
Ben Qohelet.
In these collections he fre­
quently utilizes rabbinic terms such as
,rP30DN /n, aD /n,Wp /n, om S3
/n,Dai?"l3 and others.8 On occasion, he even innovates
after the manner of Qalir and his contemporaries and coins
terms not wholly sanctioned by scriptural usage. Following are
some examples:
In the love poem
aVy ’ a s PPN
(“Where is the stammering ga­
zelle”),9 a short five verse monorhyme with quantitative meter
patterned after the Arabic
ghazal,
he writes: "1EK1 'y*l,
"iaf? Wj?a
nay •mwV
l
WXD
w a /"ya,
(“He wanted to say, ‘wicked’ but
out came, ‘touch!’ I drew near as he requested.”)
The term ’DWa for ’DWaa is a coinage of the synagogue poets
as in the following
teqiatah
attributed to Qalir j?*TSa ’yT Xtrs (“I
will truthfully make known my thoughts”): nDinnV TH
,r>^a
p ia
(“I approach on the day of reckoning to plead in my de­
fense”) .10 However, it is questionable whether the Nagid would
have used the term
, nwa
were it not necessary to comply with
the metrical structure of the poem (— /'D'"/'D"), a consideration
o f which Qalir was unaware.
Another example of the Nagid’s innovations after
paytanic
us­
age is to be seen in
Ben Qohelet
[ed. S. Abramson, Tel-Aviv,
5713, #253]:
naina nmaa
xs»’ kVi
,wya ’*?a nmaa
mx
nm'
xV (“A
man will not attain his goal without effort nor will he be secure
if he hides himself’). The term
Wy&
instead of
nWya
is also a
6. Cf. Abraham Ibn Ezra,
Sefer Moznayim,
ed. W. Heidenheim (Offenbach,
5551 ) , p. 2a, and
Sefer Tsahot,
in
Abraham Ibn Ezra, Reader,
ed. I. Levin
(New York-Tel-Aviv, 1985), p. 391.
7. Cf.
Sefer Yesod Morah,
in
Abraham Ibn Ezra, Reader,
p. 316 .
8. Cf.
Divan Shmuel Hanagid: Ben Tehillim,
ed. D. Jarden (Cincinnati-Jerusalem,
1966), introduction, p. 18.
9. Cf.
Divan Shmuel Hanagid,
p. 296
10. Cf.
Mahazor La-yamim Ha-noraim,
ed. D. Goldschmidt (Jerusalem, 1970),
vol. 1, pp. 259 -260 .