Page 276 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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THEODORE WIENER
Jewish Literary Anniversaries, 1993
t h i s
y e a r
w i l l
mark the 50th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto
Uprising, a central event in the Holocaust. Among its myriad
of victims was an outstanding Jewish historian, Ignacy Schiper,
who had brought a fresh understanding of Polish Jewish history
through his researches. The survivors, who have helped pre­
serve the memory o f these terrible events, include Yitshak Yosef
Cohen and Israel Gutman.
From the distant past we recall Samuel ha-Nagid, the He­
brew poet and statesman of Granada during the Golden Age
of Spanish Jewry, and Rabbi Meir ben Baruch, of Rothenburg,
a leader of medieval German Jewry. The relatively small Italian
Jewish community produced such figures as Menahem Samson
Basilea, Samuel Hayyim Lolli, Raphael Immanuel Ricchi, and
Jacob Zahalon. The Haskalah is represented by Moshe Leib
Lilienblum and Alexander Zederbaum. A unique personality
in his day was Hermann Cohen, the great German and Jewish
philosopher, who united in his thought the best of the German
and Jewish traditions. Early modern Jewish scholarship is ex­
emplified by Isaak Markus Jost and David Cassel. Closer to our
day are Moritz Guedemann, David Hoffmann, and Ismar
Elbogen.
In modern Hebrew literature Saul Tchernichowsky occu­
pies a unique place. His poetry dealt with themes generally not
in the purview of other Hebrew writers of his generation, thus
expanding the horizon o f this literature. Other representatives
of modern Hebrew literature are Matti Megged, Uzzi Ornan,
Abraham Shalom Orlans, and Yeshurun Keshet.
Two popular American Jewish religious leaders were Sol­
omon Goldman and Abba Hillel Silver, who dazzled the mul­
titudes with their sermons and passionate Zionist leadership.
Their Yiddish counterpart was Zvi Hirsch Masliansky. A secular
Yiddish writer of great renown was Chaim Zhitlowsky. More
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