Page 278 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
sion of the Jews in 1670, he eventually became chief rabbi in Metz.
He published notes on the
Shulhan Arukh
of Joseph Caro, also
sermons and especially responsa, which are an important source
for the massacres of the Jews by the Ukrainian leader Chmielnicki
in 1648.
H a y y im b e n M o s e s A t t a r .
250th anniversary of death. Born in Mo­
rocco in 1696, died in Jerusalem July 6, 1743. Trained for the
rabbinate in his native country, he always longed to go to the Holy
Land. He went there in steps, spending some years in Italy, where
his preaching was highly appreciated. Eventually he did settle in
Jerusalem, although other travelers had been discouraged by re­
ports of epidemics. He established a rabbinical school there, study­
ing not only the Talmud, but also the later codes like that of
Maimonides. In addition to rabbinic works he wrote a commentary
on the Torah, which was reprinted frequently and recently ap­
peared in English translation as
Light of Life
(1986).
E
l ia s
B
a r d a c h
.
200th anniversary of birth. Born in Lvov, Ukraine,
June 11, 1793, died in Vienna, Austria, in 1864. A businessman
he was active in modern Hebrew literature, adapting an Italian
drama into Hebrew and preparing a Hebrew-German dictionary.
M
enahem
S
amson
B
asilea
. 300th anniversary of death. Born in Man­
tua, Italy, he died there October 22, 1693. He had served as rabbi
in Alessandria before becoming chief rabbi in his hometown. Some
of his responsa were printed in the collections of his friends, such
as Moses Zacuto. He also wrote a Hebrew calendar for the year
1672.
H i l l e l B a v l i .
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Pilvishki, Lithuania,
March 20, 1893, died in New York in 1961. In the United States
since 1912, he eventually became professor of Hebrew literature
at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. A Hebrew poet
who took the American environment as one of the subjects for
his artistic expression, he also translated
Oliver Twist
by Charles
Dickens and
Antony and Cleopatra
by Shakespeare, as well as some
works by Afro-American poets into Hebrew. He also wrote literary
criticism for various Hebrew periodicals and wrote in English
Some
Aspects of Modem Hebrew Poetry
(1958).
I
t t a m a r
B
e n
-A
v i
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Jerusalem in
the early 1880’s, died in East Orange, New Jersey, April 19, 1943.
Son of the pioneer of Hebrew as the spoken language in Palestine,
Eliezer Ben-Yehudah, he mastered that language along with many
European languages, which he used in his extensive journalistic
activity, some of which in Palestine was unusual for its sensation­
alism. Active in the Zionist movement, being for a short time sec­
retary to Chaim Weizmann, he published many articles on political