Page 281 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

Basic HTML Version

WIENER /JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
273
His major Jewish work deals with the Kabbalah, first published
in 1843 and appearing in English translation as
The Kabbalah
(1926,
1967, 1973). He was also active in French Jewish communal life
and wrote many articles on Jewish history for French Jewish pe­
riodicals.
S
o lom on
G
o ld m a n
,
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Volhynia, Rus­
sia, August 18, 1893, died in Chicago in 1953. Coming to this
country as a child he became a prominent Conservative rabbi, first
in Cleveland, then in Chicago. An active communal leader and
Zionist and a promoter of Hebrew education, who edited some
texts for the modern Hebrew student, he was recognized as an
outstanding speaker. His books of essays and sermons reflect his
enthusiasm. They include
A Rabbi Takes Stock
(1931),
The Jew and
the Universe
(1936 , 1973),
The Golden Chain
(1937), dealing with
Jewish literature,
The Book of Human Destiny
(1948, 1958), a com­
mentary on the Bible, and
The Ten Commandments
(1956).
M
o r it z
G
u e d em a n n
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Hildesheim,
Germany, in 1835, died in Baden near Vienna, Austria, August
5, 1918. A modern trained rabbi, he eventually became chief rabbi
of Vienna in 1894 and worked diligently to strengthen the com­
munal institutions which an ever growing modern Jewish commu­
nity required. His major scholarly activity was concerned with the
then much neglected field of the history of Jewish education and
culture during the Middle Ages. In several volumes he principally
covered Central and Western Europe, utilizing rabbinic sources.
I
s r a e l
G
u tm a n
.
70th birthday. Born in Warsaw, Poland, May 23, 1923.
A Holocaust survivor, he came to Israel in 1948 and has devoted
much of research to this cataclysmic event in Jewish history. He
has been very active in preparing materials for Yad Va-Shem, the
Holocaust Memorial Authority, and edited many of its conference
papers. He served also as editor of the 4-vol.
Encyclopedia of the
Holocaust
(1989). In English translation we have so far,
The Jews
of Warsaw, 1939-1943, Ghetto, Underground, Revolt
(1982),
The Hol­
ocaust and Its Significance
(1984), and
Unequal Victims, Poles and Jews
During World War Two
(1986). The latter work deals among other
things with the attitude of the Polish population toward the Hol­
ocaust.
C
h a im
H
a l b e r s t a m
.
200th anniversary of birth. Born in Tarnograd,
Russia, in 1793, died in Nowy Sacz, Poland, in 1876.
H e
established
a new hasidic dynasty in Nowy Sacz (Tsans, in Yiddish). What
distinguished his group was the modesty of the hasidic court with
which he surrounded himself, in contradistinction to many others
who indulged in conspicuous consumption. This attitude brought
him into conflict with some others, involving even prominent non-