Page 283 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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WIENER /JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
275
A Conservative rabbi, who turned to academia, he has been teach­
ing on a college level for many years, mainly in the New York
area. Two Hebrew works of his deal with early American Hebrew
writers and with American Jewish intellectual life, respectively, in­
tending to bring the inner life of the American Jew closer to the
Israeli reader. He also devoted a Hebrew monograph to Naphtali
Herz Imber, the author of Hatikvah, the Jewish national anthem,
and edited a volume of his writings in English. Last but not least
he has been the editor of this
Annual
for many years.
Y
e s h u r u n
K
e s h e t
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Minsk
Mazowiecki, near Warsaw, Poland, November 29, 1893, died in
Israel in 1977. He first came to Palestine in 1911, returned for
a few years to Europe in the 1920’s, settling finally in Palestine
in 1926. He wrote both poetry and fiction, the former being in­
fluenced by French models. He also wrote literary criticism, par­
ticularly on Berdyczewski, but also on modern European literature.
He translated into Hebrew
The Revolt in the Desert,
by Lawrence
of Arabia and
Martin Eden,
by lack London, as well as works by
Kafka.
E
z e k ie l
L
a n d a u
.
200th anniversary of death. Born in Opatow, Poland,
in 1713, died in Prague, now Czechoslovakia, April 29, 1793. For
many years chief rabbi of Prague, he exercised wide authority.
He lived at the beginning of the Enlightenment period, but tried
to carry on in the traditional way, brooking no interference. His
responsa and sermons have been reprinted over the years, giving
us an insight into the problems of his day.
Y
e s h a y a h u
L
e i b o w i t z
.
90th birthday. Born in Riga, Latvia, in 1903.
After studying chemistry in Germany he came to Palestine in 1935,
where he taught at the Hebrew University. In addition to his sci­
entific work he developed a wide ranging literary activity, covering
general and Jewish philosophy as well as the Jewish religion and
its place in the modern world. Although a committed Orthodox
Jew, he pleaded for the separation of religion from the body politic
in Israel. After the Six-Day War of 1967, he favored the restoration
of the occupied territories to the Arabs since their inclusion in
Israel would dilute the Jewish character of the State. In English
translation there appeared
Judaism, Jewish Values, and the Jewish
State
(1972) and
The Faith of Maimonides
(1987).
B
en jam in
L
e v i t in
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Ukraine in 1890,
died in New York, August 3, 1943. In the United States since
1906, he became an engineer, but turned later to Yiddish jou r­
nalism, being associated for many years with the
Jewish Daily For­
ward,
first as reporter, later as theater critic. He also was active