Page 284 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

Basic HTML Version

276
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
in the Workmen’s Circle, the Socialist Jewish organization. He also
wrote about the history of the Jewish needle trades unions.
M
o sh e
L
e i b
L
i l i e n b l u m
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Kedainiai,
Lithuania, October 23, 1843, died in Odessa, Russia, in 1910. He
was a principal figure in the Russian Haskalah, the movement
for modernization. Until the pogroms of 1881 he favored a con­
siderable degree of assimilation, as he was quite critical of tradi­
tional Jewish life and blamed it for the oppression the Jews suf­
fered in Russia. But after these events he turned toward the Hibbat
Zion movement that favored settlement in Palestine and manual
labor for the Jews in the Diaspora. He expounded these ideas
in his Hebrew and Yiddish writings. In English translation is
The
Regeneration of the Jew on the Land of His Forefathers.
S
a m u e l
H
a y y im
L
o l l i
.
150th anniversary of death. Born in Goricia,
Italy, in 1788, died there, May 18, 1843. A Hebrew educator
throughout his life, he was a friend of Samuel David Luzzatto,
the prominent Jewish scholar in Italy. His correspondence with
him and with other well-known Italian figures was published in
various collections.
J
a co b
M
a g id o v
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Odessa, Russia,
in 1869, died in Brooklyn, N.Y., August 26, 1943. In New York
since 1886, he put himself through law school, but was most active
in Yiddish journalism. He saw as his task the acculturation of the
new immigrants who were coming in such large numbers in the
decades before World War I. He published a book in Yiddish deal­
ing with life on the Lower East Side of New York.
A
da
M
a im o n
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Marculesti,
Bessarabia, July 22, 1893, died in Israel in 1976. The younger
sister of Rabbi Judah Leib Maimon, the Mizrachi leader and Israel
minister of religious affairs, she came to Palestine as a pioneer
worker on the land and joined the Labor Party. After the estab­
lishment of the State she was a member of the Knesset and spon­
sored women’s legislation. She organized the Women’s Workers
Council and established an agricultural school for women, Ayanot.
About this work she published a book in English,
Ayanoth
(1948),
also
Women Build a Land
(1962). She is also the author of an au­
tobiography.
Zvi
H
ir s c h
M
a s l ia n s k y
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Slutsk,
White Russia, in 1856, died in New York, November 1, 1943. A
passionate individual throughout his life, he was attracted to the
Zionist movement in Russia and came to this country in 1895.
He was the most popular orator in Yiddish to the masses of the
immigrants, whom he used to inspire in his Friday night sermons
at the Educational Alliance on the Lower East Side in New York.