Page 288 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
1987, 1989). Among the latter are
Religion in a Changing World
(1930),
The World Crisis and Jewish Survival
(1941), and
Vision and
Victory,
addresses, 1942-1948 (1949) dealing mainly with Zionism.
E
l ia s
T
c h e r ik o w e r
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Poltava, Rus­
sia, in 1881, died in New York, August 18, 1943. An early adherent
of the Socialist movement in Russia, he had left his native land
before World War I, but returned to Odessa after the Russian
Revolution, only to witness the massacres of many Jewish commu­
nities in the Ukraine. Moving to Berlin, he wrote up eyewitness
accounts of these events in Russian and Yiddish. This material
was utilized in the defense of Shalom Schwarzbard, who assassin­
ated the Ukrainian general Petlyura in 1926, but was acquitted
of the murder charge. He came to the United States in 1940 and
was active in the work of YIVO. Posthumously there appeared
in English translation
The Early Jewish Labor Movement in the United
States
(1961), which he had originally edited in Yiddish.
S
a u l
T
c h e r n i c h o w s k y
.
50 th anniversary o f death . Born in
Mikhailovka, Russia, in 1875, died in Jerusalem, October 14, 1943.
Growing up in an enlightened environment, he was sent to study
medicine in Switzerland. Following his return he had some dif­
ficulty getting a license to practice, but eventually served as an
army doctor in World War I. After the Russian Revolution he
settled in Berlin for a number of years, where he helped edit the
Hebrew
Eshkol Encyclopedia,
a grand undertaking, that was con­
ceived as an enterprise to produce both a Hebrew and a German
Jewish encyclopedia, while a more modest Jewish encyclopedia,
the
Juedische Lexikon,
was produced at the same time. Eventually,
Tchernichowsky settled in Jerusalem, being supported by Salmann
Schocken. Throughout he produced Hebrew poetry of various
moods that make him the rival of Bialik. Some translations of his
poetry are contained in a work by Eisig Silberschlag,
Saul
Tchernichowsky, Poet of Revolt
(1968) and
Saul Tschernikhowsky,
with
translations by David Kuselewitz (1978).
L
eo
T
r e p p
.
80th birthday. Born in Mainz, Germany, March 4, 1913.
In Germany he served as rabbi in Oldenburg. Since coming to
this country in the 1930’s he has been rabbi in Napa, California,
and teaching at the college there. More recently he has been guest
lecturer on Jewish subjects in institutions of higher learning in
Germany. Over the years he has written several works on Judaism,
such as
Judaism, Development and Life
(1966 , 1974, 1982) and
A
History of the Jewish Experience, Eternal Faith, Eternal People
(1973) ;
also
The Complete Book of Jewish Observance
(1980). In German he
has published a history of the Jewish community in Oldenburg,
bringing to light interesting material about his illustrious prede­