Page 289 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 50

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WIENER /JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
281
cessor, Samson Raphael Hirsch, the founder of modern Ortho­
doxy.
M
a t t it y a h u
T
s e v a t
.
80th birthday. Born in Kattowitz, Germany, July
15, 1913. He studied at the Breslau rabbinical seminary in Ger­
many, at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and at the Hebrew
Union College in Cincinnati, where he became professor of Bible.
Among his writings are
A History of the Language of the Biblical Psalms
(1955) and
The Meaning of the Book of Job and Other Biblical Studies
(1980). He has also served on the board of editors of the
Hebrew
Union College Annual.
J
a co b
Z
a h a l o n
.
300th anniversary of death. Born in Rome, Italy, in
1630, died in Ferrara, Italy, September 18, 1693. Trained as a
physician and a rabbi, he served for many years in the latter ca­
pacity in Ferrara. He wrote a Hebrew medical manual and an
abridgement of Bahya’s
Duties of the Heart,
a medieval ethical work
in 30 sections, so that it could be studied every day of the month.
He also translated a work by the medieval philosopher, Thomas
Aquinas, into Hebrew. He stressed preaching, and his manual for
preachers and a selection of his sermons was published recently
in a bilingual edition,
A Guide for Preachers on Composing and De­
livering Sermons
(1987).
A
l e x a n d e r
Z
e d e r b a u m
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Zamosc,
Poland, in 1816, died in St. Petersburg, Russia, September 7, 1893.
He was one of the leading figures of the Russian Jewish enlight­
enment and edited its leading periodical in Hebrew for many
years. At various times he also edited journals in Yiddish and Rus­
sian, as Russian Jews became more acculturated. Throughout his
life he fought the Hasidim, whom he regarded as backward and
superstitious. Although his stewardship of his magazines was crit­
icized for superficiality, he did provide a platform for Russian
Jewish intellectuals to express their views.
C
h a im
Z
h it l o w s k y
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in a town near
Vitebsk, Ukraine, in 1865, died in Calgary, Canada, May 6, 1943.
A Russian Jewish socialist, he wrote in Yiddish and Russian and
eventually came to the United States in 1904. He was long a center
o f controversy. Although a utopian socialist who opted for break­
ing down the barriers between peoples, he stubbornly fought for
Yiddish. He wrote books on philosophy in Yiddish, the first one
to utilize this language for this topic, and also translated Friedrich
Nietzsche’s
Also Sprach Zarathustra
into Yiddish.