Page 19 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 51

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SPERLING / ISRAELI BIBLICAL SCHOLARSHIP
11
ish Bible Research fo r almost twenty years. He has contributed
significantly to the history o f Jewish biblical in terpre tation . Two
impo rtan t books by Simon in this area are:
Four Approaches to
the Book of Psalms
From Saadiah Gaon to Abraham ibn Ezra
(Trans. L. Schramm (New York, 1991)); idem,
Shnei Peirushei
R. Abraham ibn Ezra li-Trei Asar
(Ramat-Gan, 1991).
ELAZAR TOUITOU.
T ou itou ’s primary interests are in the
history and methods o f pre-modern Jewish biblical exegesis. He
has devoted several articles to the Franco-Jewish exegetes, in­
cluding Rashbam and Rashi. Among the interesting results o f
his work is tha t Rashi’s commentary to the Pentateuch was avow­
edly homiletical. Noteworthy as well is T ou itou ’s emphasis tha t
biblical exegesis was influenced by societal changes.1 He has
devoted a book to the O r ha-Hayyim commentary entitled,
Rabbi
Haim ben Attar and his Commentary Or ha-Hayyim on the Torah
(Je­
rusalem, 1982).
BEN-GURION UNIVERSITY OF THE NEGEV
Unlike the o the r Israeli universities, Ben-Gurion does not
have a d epa r tm en t devoted exclusively to Bible. Its “Departmen t
o f Bible and Ancient Near East” includes archaeology and bib­
lical history, which are elsewhere taugh t in o the r departments.
SHMUEL AHITUV.
Ahituv has strong interests in the history
and geography o f the pre-Israelite and Israelite periods. He
is one o f the few biblicists who work with primary Egyptian
sources. O f particular significance is his
Canaanite Toponyms in
Ancient Egyptian Documents
(Jerusalem and Leiden, 1984). He
has also devoted studies to such biblical institutions as the cities
o f asylum, land allotment and the biblical festivals.
MORDECHAI COGAN.
Cogan’s published studies are devoted
in the main to biblical and cuneiform comparatism. Among his
recent books are
Anchor Bible IIKings
(Garden City, 1988), which
was written in collaboration with his m en tor Hayim Tadm o r;
and
Book of Obadiah. A Commentary
( in Hebrew; Tel-Aviv, 1992).
11. See E. Touitou, “Rashi’s Commentary on Genesis 1-6 in the Context of
Judeo-Christian Commentary,”
Hebrew Union College Annual
61 (1990),
159-183.