Page 20 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 51

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Cohen is a comparatist who draws heavily
on Akkadian and Ugaritic litera tu re as a tool in biblical lexi­
cography. He is especially alert to the use o f biblical diction
and narrative s truc tu re as clues to comparison o f gen re in an ­
cient Semitic compositions. Cohen is also deeply in terested in
the realia o f the ancient Near East. A fine example o f the mesh­
ing o f these interests is his collaboration with D. Sivan,
The Uga­
ritic Hippiatric Texts: A Critical Edition
(New Haven, 1983).
Like his colleagues in the depa r tm en t ,
G ruber is very much identified with the comparative method
and pays close atten tion to realia. Much o f his recent work
exemplifies how the feminist movement has enriched the field
by impelling scholars, male and female, to raise questions largely
ignored previously. G rube r has also con tribu ted to the study
o f rabbinic terminology. A good sampling o f G rube r’s work is
found in his collection:
The Motherhood of God and Other Studies.
(Tampa, 1992).
A comparatist who d e ­
scribes his work as “biblio-assyriology,” Hurowitz is especially
a ttuned to read ing biblical tests in the light o f Near Eastern
genre analogues. For the method employed see his book,
I Have
Built You an Exalted House: Temple Building in the Bible in the Light
ofMesopotamian and Northwest-Semitic Writings
(Sheffield, 1992).12
T a lsh ir’s publications are deeply roo ted
in text-studies. H er major focus has been on the transform ation
o f traditions within the Hebrew Bible and the ir reworking in
o the r sources, such as the Septuagint, and the Apocrypha. Spe­
cifically, Talsh ir demonstrates how translation technique has
provided oppo rtun ity for redirection o f biblical traditions. A
specific example o f the process is available in Ta lsh ir’s book,
The Duplicate Story of the Division of the Kingdom (LXX 3Kingdoms
xxi 24a-z
(Jerusalem, 1989)).
12. See A. Hurowitz, “Another Fiscal Practice in the Ancient Near East —
11Kings 12:5-17 and a Letter to Esarhaddon,”
Journal of Near Eastern Studies
45 (1986), 289-294; idem, “Isaiah’s Impure Lips and their Purification in
the Light o f Akkadian Sources,”
Hebrew Union College Annual
60 (1988),