Page 208 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 51

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
vember 30, 1825, he was able to call himself Anton von Schmid.
To commemorate this honor he later adopted a new p rin ter’s
mark for his books (see Figure 2). It shows the Austrian two-
headed eagle perched on two books. Below, to the right, is a
printer’s ink roller, a compositor’s “stick” and a page of man­
uscript. On the left — again an oval frame with the monogram
AEVS (Anton Edler von Schmid). A ribbon with a medallion
attached is seen dangling from the eagle’s claws. It symbolizes
the title bestowed on Schmid by Emperor Francis I of Austria.
Figure 2
A special aspect of the successful career of the non-Jewish
nobleman Anton Schmid was his employment of competent
Jewish proofreaders whom he often consulted on editorial mat­
ters. Some of the best known Haskalah writers were able at
this time to earn a living from such work and also to have their
own writings published. We have already mentioned Samuel
Romanelli, who was employed as a proofreader for some two
years. In addition, Judah Leib Ben Zeev, the grammarian and
contributor to
Ha-Meassef,
and Samson Halevi Bloch, author
o f
Shevilei Olam,
the first Hebrew work on general geography,
were invited to serve in this capacity.
The poet Solomon Levisohn, the author of
Melitzat Yeshurun,
the first treatment of the Bible from the viewpoint of aesthetics,
worked as a proofreader for Schmid during 1815-1821. Shalom
Cohen, who had tried to renew the publication of
Ha-Meassef
and later founded the periodical
Bikkurei ha-Ittim
(1821-1831),
was employed at Schmid’s press for many years (1820-1836).
Because of his position he was granted a residence permit in
Vienna and such permits were issued from then on to all those
who worked for Schmid. Mention should also be made of Meir
Halevi Letteris to whom we have referred above. Letteris was