Page 23 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 51

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don o r pene tra tion and 2) linguistic contrast. In recent years,
he has b rough t his method to the linguistic study o f the te r ­
minology and phraseology o f biblical wisdom literature in var­
ious articles and especially in the book
Wisdom Language in Bib­
lical Psalmody
(in Hebrew; Jerusa lem , 1991).
Ja p h e t has made major contributions to the
unde rs tand ing o f the post-exilic period. H er studies show how
Israelite and Jewish se lf-understanding was reshaped by late
writers in the ir reworking o f traditional materials. O f special
significance is her book,
The Ideology of the Book of Chronicles
and its Place in Biblical Thought
(New York, 1989). She has also
con tribu ted significantly to the history o f Jewish biblical in te r­
p reta tion in h e r collaboration with Robert Salters,
The Commen­
tary of R. Samuel b. Meir (Rashbam) on Qoheleth
(Jerusalem, 1985).
Knohl is a younger scholar with strong in­
terest in cult, calendar, priestly diction and cultic ideology and
institutions. He argues for the expansion o f the notion o f a
“Holiness Code” within the P(riestly) source o f the Pentateuch
to the “Holiness School,” which he dates later than P. His book
Mikdash ha-Demamah (The Silent Temple;
Jerusa lem , 1992) is de­
voted to conceptions o f the Divine and o f the cult in Priestly
circles. Knohl describes the P school as a closed elitist group
within a silent temple. This same group has a rarefied view
o f God and controls a temple cult which emphasizes ritual and
ignores moral questions. According to Knohl, the Holiness
school arose when a rival priestly g roup began to respond to
the challenge to the cult by the eighth century classical prophets.
Naturally, Knohl’s provocative thesis will have to respond to
the cumulative body o f evidence, which appears to militate ag­
ainst so early a date for both P and the Holiness Code.
Malamat is a historical comparatist
interested in concepts and institutions such as monarchy, lon­
gevity, and charisma. He has also devoted much energy to ques­
tions o f historical method. A studen t o f
Malamat d e ­
picts the fo rtunes o f the ancient Israelite states against the shifts
o f political balance among the larger powers o f the ancient Near
East. He attempts to unders tand Israelite institutions, which
have reached us in the theologically filtered tendentious ac­
counts o f the Bible, by tu rn ing to o the r related ancient Near