Page 27 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 51

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Dimant has a jo in t appo in tm en t in the
departm en ts o f Bible and Jewish History. Much o f h e r scholarly
work deals with how post-biblical writers such as the au thors
o f apocryphal and pseudepigraphical writings and the members
o f the Q um ran community made use o f “canonical” biblical lit­
e ra tu re . Dimant pays atten tion to compositional techniques and
advocates functional structura l analysis.
Most o f Kedar-Kopfstein’s
work is text-critical and philological, with a strong orientation
in linguistics. Kedar proceeds from philology to an appreciation
o f the in ternal conceptual world o f biblical thought. He has
written num erous articles for the
Theologisches Worterbuch zum
Alten Testament
(Berlin, 1970ff.). He is one o f the few Jewish
scholars who are involved in Vulgate studies.16Most o f his non-
Hebrew publications are in German. A major work o f Kedar-
Kopfstein’s is
Biblische Semantik
(Stuttgart, 1981).
Malul’s specific interest is in biblical and Mes­
opotam ian law. Two major publications in this area are his
Studies in Mesopotamian Legal Symbolism
(K eva lae r a n d
Neukirchen-Vluyn, 1988) and
The Comparative Method in Ancient
Near Eastern and Biblical Studies
(Kevelaer and Neukirchen-
Vluyn, 1990). In these researches he follows the anthropological
approach to law advocated by E.A. Hoebel in his
Law of Primitive
(Cambridge, Mass., 1954). Ano ther aspect o f Malul’s work
is the exam ination o f biblical narrative to determ ine legal prac­
tices and notions. In this approach Malul follows the lead o f
the legal historian David Daube. Malul stresses tha t biblical n a r ­
rative offers the oppo rtun ity to the scholar to uncover the legal
world o f societal groups in ancient Israel. Such groups had d if­
feren t concerns and d iffe ren t locations in society from the leg­
islators who au tho red what later became the canonical legal
In numerous articles over the years
Margalit has stressed the interconnections between biblical and
Ugaritic Studies. He characterizes some o f Ugaritic literature
as a “Canaanite Bible,” produced in the Galilee in the mid-
second millenium B.C.E. In his book,
The Ugaritic Poet ofAQHT;
16. See B. Kedar, “The Latin Translatons,” in J. Mulder (ed.),
adelphia, 1988), 299-338.