Page 30 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 51

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
directed to Israelite concepts and institutions. U ffenhe im er
takes issue with A. Heschel’s distinction between first and th ird
person language in prophetic p ronouncem en ts as phenom eno-
logically significant. He has also o ffered a tho rough critique
o f Martin Buber’s literary criticism, philosophy o f language and
unders tand ing o f the monarch in ancient Israel. O f grea t in­
terest as well is U ffenhe im er’s study o f utopias, in which he
distinguishes between the Bible’s “practicable utopias,” such as
Sabbath, Sabbatical years and Jubilee on the one hand , and “his­
torical utopias,” tha t is, fu tu re utopias tha t would be b rough t
about th rough divine intervention.
COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS AND COMPENDIA
Entziklopediah Mikrait,
an eight-volume biblical encyclopedia
in Hebrew begun in 1950, was completed in 1982. T h a t same
year saw the commencement o f
Entziklopediah Olam ha-Tanakh.
Entziklopediah Mikrait
folows the standard encyclopedia format,
arrang ing articles alphabetically by topic. In contrast,
Olam ha-
Tanakh
(edited by M. H aran , Y. Avishur, Y. Yadin and H. Reviv)
provides a richly-illustrated runn ing commentary to each book
o f the Bible based on realia and archaeological material.
Extremely noteworthy is the ongoing publication o f the com­
mentary
Da‘at Miqra
which has the O rthodox institutional sup ­
po rt o f Mossad HaRav Kook. This series synthesizes modern
and p re-m odern elements o f Bible study by calling atten tion
to geography, history and “corroborative” archaeology.24 One
volume contains a bibliography tha t includes even higher-critical
commentaries.25
Torat Hayyim
is the first rabbinic Bible published in Israel.
Thu s far, fou r volumes o f the Pentateuch have appeared . T h e
biblical texts are accompanied by good editions o f the medieval
commentaries. Improved technology has made it possible to re ­
p roduce all the commentaries in square letters without b lu rring
the distinction between canonical text and commentary and
without requ iring readers o f Modern Hebrew to puzzle ou t the
so-called “Rashi script.”
24. The commentaries to the books o f the Pentateuch are more tentative in
their application o f contemporary tools. See the remarks o f B. Levy, apud
Sperling,
Students,
166.
25. M. Zer-Kavod,
Ezra-Nehemiah
(Jerusalem, 1980).