Page 158 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 54

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Holtz
150
Howe and Eliezer Greenberg,
A Treasury of Yiddish Stories
(Schocken, 1973) and
A Treasury of Yiddish Poetry
(Schocken,
1976). See also Irving Howe and Ruth Wisse,
The Best of Sholom
Aleichem
(Pocket Books, 1983) and the many novels and stories by
I.B. Singer.
For additional guidance in the area of Hebrew literature one
could look at Simon Halkin,
Modem Hebrew Literature
(Schocken,
1970) and the appropriate essays in two books by Robert Alter,
Af­
ter the Tradition
(Dutton, 1969) and
Defenses ofthe Imagination
(JPS,
1977). For the role of the Holocaust in Israeli literature see Alan
Mintz,
Hurban
(Columbia University, 1984), pp. 157-271. For
Yiddish literature see Ruth Wisse,
The Schlemiel as Modem Hero,
(University of Chicago, 1971) and David Roskies,
Against theApoc­
alypse
(Harvard University, 1984).
For fiction written in English the major writers are well-known:
Saul Bellow (in particular
Herzog
and
The Victim
for their Jewish
concerns), Philip Roth (in particular
Goodbye Columbus
and the tril­
ogy
Zuckerman Bound),
and Bernard Malamud (in particular his
complete
Stories).
These three writers have, of course, an interna­
tional reputation, but others both popular and serious, deal more
specifically with “Jewish theses”: Chaim Potok in all of his fiction,
Cynathia Ozick, Elie Wiesel, as well as Herman Wouk, Leon Uris
and numerous others. Among the younger writers, see in particular
Nessa Rapoport’s
Preparingfor Sabbath
for its serious concern with
contemporary religious issues, and the reworking of folk tales and
fairy tales done in a number of works by Howard Schwartz.
In poetry the best source is the wide-ranging international an­
thology edited Howard Schwartz and Anthony Rudolf,
Voices
Within theArk: TheModemJewish Poets
(Avon, 1980). For second­
ary sources for this literature see the relevant chapters in the two
books by Robert Alter mentioned above,
After the Tradition
and
Defenses of the Imagination.
Finally, we should look at the major figures of Jewish theology
who have written in this century. In particular: Martin Buber,
land
Thou
(Scribners, 1970); Nahum Glatzer,
Franz Rosenzweig: HisLife
and Thought
(Schocken, 1972); Mordecai Kaplan,
Judaism as a Civ-