Page 30 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 6 (1947-1948)

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JEWI SH BOOK ANNUAL
20
and factors which play their role in the advancement or decline
of antisemitism. Nevertheless it is interesting to watch the rise
and growth of a literature in which the “ new approach” is re-
fleeted.
Anti-Semitism\
a social disease is a volume of studies
compiled and edited by Ernest Simmel . . . with a preface by
Gordon W. Allport (New York, International University Press,
1946) in which a psycho-analytic study of the motives behind
antisemitism is presented. The editor and several of the con-
tributors are Freudians. They examine the disordered personalities
who are congenial to hatred and repression and who are eager to
accept fantastic tales to feed their revenge. They also offer studies
of the antisemitic personality and of fascist propaganda on a
factual basis. In
Why men hate
(New York, Beechhurst, 1947),
Dr. Samuel Tenenbaum presents an examination of the pyscho-
logical make-up of the typical bigots and racial prejudices and
hate for minorities and “ foreigners” with examples and curative
programs. The basic causes of antagonism directed today against
minority groups in the United States are discussed from a psycho-
logical viewpoint and remedies suggested by Mrs. Dorothy Walter
Baruch in her
The glass house
0
} prejudice
(New York, Morrow,
194*6). Although the work does not adequately analyze the causes
and cures of prejudice, yet it presents excellent dramatic docu-
mentary material on people in a number of minority groups and
on methods used to discriminate against them. A summary of
two-years’ study to determine the most effective methods of com-
bating prejudice and discrimination is offered in
Action fo r unity
by Goodwin Watson (New York, Harper, 1947). I t contains
conclusions on aspects of prejudice which are in sharp contradic-
tion with illusions of some American Jews and their leaders.
Dr. Watson warns against laughing off the religious agitators who
preach fundamentalism mixed with antisemitism. He criticizes
various Jewish organizational approaches to the solution of anti-
Semitic problems, indicating th a t their program and techniques,
with bu t few exceptions, are naively conceived, hesitatingly
executed and entirely inconsequential. Pointing out th a t the
rival jealousies of Jewish defense agencies have not infrequently
interfered with full and free use of available da ta bu t often have
also prevented effective attack upon antisemites, he certainly
shows tha t the various front instruments, set up by Jewish defense
agencies, especially those engaged in activities involving elaborate
educational paraphernalia designed to disseminate ideas of toler-
ance, virtually accomplish nothing. I t is certainly a provocative
and illuminating book.
The rediscovery of morals
, with special reference to race and class
conflict by Henry Charles Link (New York, Du tton , 1947) offers