Page 65 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 6 (1947-1948)

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Bund, the “Youth Bund,” the “Zukunft,” and “Skif,” the scout
The Bund also published the
Ziglboim Bukh
(Zygelbaum Book)
in commemoration of the martyr Shmuel Mordechai Zygelbaum,
known by his party name of Arthur. On May 12, 1943, Zygelbaum
-committed suicide in London as a protest against the indifference
of governments and the peoples of the democracies to the tragic
fate of the Jews. In his last letter to the Polish government in
London he wrote: “ I can no longer remain silent. I cannot go on
living while the remnants of the Jewish people in Poland, whom
I represent, are perishing.” This book consists of a biography
written by J. S. Hertz, selected writings by Zygelbaum and some
of the responses evoked by his martyrdom.
A fairly extensive though sad travel literature is appearing in
Yiddish. Two books with impressions of Poland were published
in Argentina: ZerubavePs
Barg Khoorbn
Kapitlekh Poiln
(Mountain of Destruction — Chapters from Poland) and Dr. H.
Poilin 1946
(Poland, 1946). The cultural mission to
the Jews in the DP camps in the American zone of occupation in
Germany sent by the World Jewish Congress inspired two books -—־
Dr. Israel Efros’
Haimloze Yidn
(Homeless Jews) and H. Leivick’s
Mit der Shairis Haplaite
(With the Survivors). The first is a
collection of Dr. Efros’ articles in the Jewish Morning Journal
and was published in Argentina. With paternal tenderness
Dr. Efros cherished the sorrow he encountered in the camps and
the manifestations of hopelessness which, together with the cal-
lous indifference of those in power, combine to shape the daily
existence of the displaced Jews. Leivick’s book is a diary of the
same trip, a record of the poet’s inner ׳compulsion to drink deeply
from the spring of suffering. In addition to the entries in his
diary, this book also contains a collection of ghetto and concentra-
tion camp songs, as well as impressions of encounters with un-
usual personalities.
But the most powerful of these unique travel books is Jacob
P a t’s
Ash un Feier
(Ashes and Fire). The author spent 60 days
at “ the grave of his people.” He described the ruins of Poland
and the horrifying experiences of the survivors who forced them-
selves to believe that some life would still emerge from the ashes
of what had been a community of three million.
The urge to preserve for posterity is seen in the valuable series
published by the Central Alliance of Polish Jews in Argentina
and edited by Mark Turkow. (We have already mentioned the
books by Zerubavel, Dr. H. Shoshkes and Dr. Israel Efros.) The
series includes a new edition of Elchanan Zeitlin’s
In a Literarisher
(In a Literary House), with a foreword by Shmuel Niger,