Page 90 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 6 (1947-1948)

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JEWI SH BOOK ANNUAL
80
included in an edition of
Mishnayot
under the name of
Rab
Peninim.
According to Israel of Szklow his commentary on
Abot
and
notes on several of the small treatises of the Talmud were pub-
lished by Menahem Mendel in Szklow in 1804, from the Gaon’s
own handwriting.
The Gaon’s notes on the Mechilta appeared in an edition of
the book with a commentary by Isaac Elihayu Landa (Wilno,
1844) under the title of
Ephat Zedek.
The Gaon’s notes on the
Sifra, referred to by Israel of Szklow in his book
Peat ha-Shulhan
,
were apparently never published. His notes on Sifre were pub-
lished in 1866 in Wilno by Shemaryahu Zuckerman, his descend-
ant. The Gaon’s notes on
Pirke R. Eliezer
were included in the
edition of this work by David Lurya of Bychow (Warsaw, 1854).
A commentary and notes on
Seder Olam Rabba
and
Zuta
was
issued in 1801 by Mendel in Szklow. His notes on the
Pesikta
are
referred to, but his son Abraham was probably the author of these.
The
Tosefta
on
Zeraim
,
Moed
and
Nashim
with the Gaon’s
comments appeared first in Wilno in 1799 from a manuscript in
the possession of Jacob Moses of Slonim. They were published
again in Wilno, 1841, and were reprinted with many additions in
the 1897 Wilno Talmud. A similar commentary on
Tosefta
Tohorot
, named
Taharat ha-Kodesh
, or
Zer Zahab
, edited by Meir
of Wilno, was first published in Zolkiew, 1804, and is also included
in the Wilno edition of the Talmud, 1897.
The Gaon’s commentary on the Jerusalem Talmud remained
in manuscript for many years, only parts of it being included in
Peat ha-Shulhan
by his disciple Israel of Szklow. This includes a
commentary on
Zeraim
and notes on other parts of the Jerusalem
Talmud which were later incorporated in the Zhytomir edition.
They are regarded as full of mistakes and printer’s errors.
Mishnat
Eliyahu
on
Shekalim
was included in
Taklin Hadetin
by Israel of
Szklow, Minsk, 1812.
Shaare Yerushalmi
, including the Gaon’s
notes on
Domai
and
Shebiit
, was published in Warsaw by Doberush
Ashkenazi in 1866.
Some of the Gaon’s notes on the Babylonian Talmud were
included in the 1806 Vienna Talmud edition. (They were re-
printed in the 1810-12 Slobuta and the 1816 Dyhernfurth Talmud
editions.) There was considerable opposition to their publication
on the part of the Gaon’s disciples, who thought that errors in
these editions could lead to serious misunderstandings. These
notes found their way also into the 1897 Wilno Talmud edition,
where it is claimed that they were copied from the margins of the
folios of the Talmud used by the Gaon.
The marvelous intuition and independence of spirit so evident