Page 102 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 7 (1948-1949)

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
90
works were stored. Since the stock had been left uninsured, the
loss was total and the Society could not survive it. The need for
such an organization continued to be recognized. In 1868, soon
after Leeser’s death, Judge Mayer Sulzberger, of Philadelphia,
editing the final issues of
The Occident
, again urged the organi-
zation of a publication society: but nothing more came of it than
editorial comment. In 1869, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise began an
active campaign to the same end. He entertained a grandiose
scheme which envisioned the translation into English of every
rabbinic and medieval Jewish classic, but out of this, too, no new
publication society was born.
Two years later, however, in 1871, a second American Jewish
Publication Society was founded in New York under the sponsor-
ship of Leopold Bamberger, Benjamin I. Hart, Myer Stern,
Edward Morrison, William B. Hackenburg and Simon Wolf. I t
died in the panic of 1875, after having published several books
and laid plans for several ambitious projects, its managers having
concluded that the measure of support received did not justify
their efforts to continue the work.
Among this Society’s publications was a translation from the
German of the fourth volume of Professor Heinrich Graetz’s
History of the Jews.
Rev. James K. Gutheim, a Jewish minister
and scholar at New Orleans, Louisiana, was the translator of this
volume, which embraced the period “From the downfall of the
Jewish State to the conclusion of the Talmud.” This was followed
by
Jewish Family Papers;
or
Letters of a Missionary
, translated
by Rev. Dr. Frederic de Sola Mendes of New York City from the
German of Dr. Wilhelm Herzberg; and
Hebrew Characteristics
, a
volume of miscellaneous papers, in translation by William Lewis;
Extracts from Jewish Moralists
by Dr. Leopold Zunz;
Jewish
Marriage in Post-Biblical Times
, and
On Interment of the Dead
in Post-Biblical Judaism
a Study in Archaeology
, both by Dr.
Joseph Perles.
From 1875 until 1888, no publication society existed among the
Jews of America, and those persons who produced works of in-
struction and entertainment of interest especially to Jews were
more than once discouraged by financial losses or by an insignifi-
cant return for their labor.
THE THIRD AND SUCCESSFUL EFFORT
On December 11th, 1887, Hanukkah Sunday, Doctor Joseph
Krauskopf, a young man but recently called to the pulpit of
Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel in Philadelphia, preached
his first published Sunday discourse, entitled “The Need of the