Page 22 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 7 (1948-1949)

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other half over the case of one Jewish officer who had been un-
justly convicted of treason.
There is hardly a period in modern Jewish history more abound-
ing with revolutionary events than the thirty-odd years covered
catastrophe and survival
; a Jewish balance sheet, 1914-
1948 by Jacob Lestschinsky (N. Y., Institute of Jewish Affairs
of the World Jewish Congress, ’48). The various geographical,
economic, social, occupational changes which Jewish life had to
undergo in these eventful years are rapidly surveyed in its pages
by a competent hand.
The Jews of Yemen, in all likelihood, represent the oldest Jewish
community in the world with a history going back to the First
Captivity. They speak and write with an engaging simplicity.
Because social conditions and hatred of the Jews underwent little
change in that primitive Moslem country the tales of poverty,
persecution and miraculous interceptions reflect on the Jewish
position in Yemen today.
From the land of Sheba\
tales of the
Jews of Yemen collected and edited by Solomon D. Goitein
[translated by Christopher Fremantle] (N. Y., Schocken, 47״)
presents a charming collection of the folklore, legends, and songs —
a veritable miscellany of romance and history, grave and gay,
fiction and humor.
The year’s literary output includes a goodly number of publica-
tions dealing with aspects of American Jewish life. Outstanding
among them is the two-volume work entitled
American Jews in
World IVar I I ; the story offive hundredfifty thousandfighters
(N. Y.,
Dial, ’47). Based on data compiled with diligence and scrupulous
care by the Bureau of War Records of the National Jewish Wei-
fare Board, under the able direction of Dr. Samuel C. Kohs, it
represents a notable contribution to American Jewish historical
literature which will serve as an invaluable source for the study
of the role Jews played in the American armed forces during the
war. I t presents a comprehensive and enthralling sampling of
the achievements of individual Jews in all theatres and services.
While the first volume, written by I. Kaufman, offers readable
accounts of individual and collective Jewish heroism, the second
volume presents the “Honor Roll,” consisting of fairly complete
alphabetical lists, according to states, of Jewish participants in
the services as well as records of casualties and awards. These
lists are made up of names of men and women whose Jewish
identity was definitely established as a result of careful authenti-
cation. The term Jewish is apparently employed in its widest