Page 74 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 7 (1948-1949)

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
62
cipants in the sea-drama of the
Exodus.
Yiddish books and peri-
odicals have on their title pages and under their mastheads the
names of Rome or of Bergen-Belsen, one of the most notorious
Nazi annihilation camps. The new and the rejuvenated authors,
with their creations of high quality, testify to their ability to
assure the continuing creativity of Yiddish literature.
YIDDISH IN ISRAEL
Israel is the center of Hebrew literature, and the publication
of Yiddish books in the Holy Land has been coincidental by the
very nature of things.
A. Reeves, a resident of Eretz Israel for many years, belongs
to the small group of writers who have continued their creativity
in Yiddish in the intense Hebraic atmosphere. His book
Iberflantz
(Replanting — Tel Aviv, Literature Fund of the Yiddish Authors
and Journalists) contains seven short stories written between 1929
and 1945. Reeves aims to depict the new Jew in his efforts to re-
plant his life and to take roots in the soil of his national homeland.
Particularly interesting among the stories written during and
after World War II are those dealing with the attitude of Pales-
tine’s Polish Catholic war-time residents or rather exiles. Reeves
also portrays the attitude of the Jews towards the Germans who
had settled in the Holy Land many decades before.
Aryeh Shamri’s
In Toyer Fun Teg
(In the Gate of Days —
Merhavia, Hashomer Hatzair and Workers Library) contains
poems that seem to be enveloped in mysticism, as far as the im-
patient reader is concerned. Shamri is a deep, true poet, at times
a poet’s poet. The themes of most poems in the book’s five series
idealize and spiritualize the natural beauties of the Holy Land
and of the daily life of the new Jew on the soil of the ancestral
homeland.
The young master-poet Abraham Sutzkever has settled in Israel
where he is to edit a Yiddish periodical.
IN THE SOVIET UNION
David Bergelson is one of the great masters of Yiddish prose.
His latest book,
Naye Bertsaylungen
(New Tales — Moscow, Oy
Der Emes), contains short stories depicting mainly the present.
The best among them deal with the Jewish catastrophe during the
last war as seen through the eyes of a Soviet Jew. The author
stresses the fight against the enemy and the tragedy of the Jew
as such. Bergelson’s tales are of the highest artistic quality.